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List of Benchmarks for Language Arts

Standard 7.Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of informational texts
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Reads a variety of informational texts (e.g., written directions, signs, captions, warning labels, informational books)
   2. Understands the main idea and supporting details of simple expository information
   3. Summarizes information found in texts (e.g., retells in own words)
   4. Relates new information to prior knowledge and experience
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Reads a variety of informational texts (e.g., textbooks, biographical sketches, letters, diaries, directions, procedures, magazines)
   2. Knows the defining characteristics (e.g., how ideas are developed and structured within paragraphs, chapters, and sections) of a variety of informational texts.
   3. Uses text organizers (e.g., headings, topic and summary sentences, graphic features, typeface, chapter titles) to determine the main ideas and to locate information in a text  A 
   4. Uses the various parts of a book (e.g., index, table of contents, glossary, appendix, preface) to locate information
   5. Summarizes and paraphrases information in texts (e.g., includes the main idea and significant supporting details of a reading selection)  A 
   6. Uses prior knowledge and experience to understand and respond to new information
   7. Understands structural patterns or organization in informational texts (e.g., chronological, logical, or sequential order; compare-and-contrast; cause-and-effect; proposition and support)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Reads a variety of informational texts (e.g., electronic texts; textbooks; biographical sketches; directions; essays; primary source historical documents, including letters and diaries; print media, including editorials, news stories, periodicals, and magazines; consumer, workplace, and public documents, including catalogs,technical directions, procedures, and bus routes)  A 
   2. Knows the defining structural characteristics (e.g., how ideas are developed and structured within sentences, paragraphs, chapters, and sections) and features (e.g., charts, graphs, photos, instructions, diagrams, format) used in informational texts  A 
   3. Summarizes and paraphrases information in texts (e.g., arranges information in chronological or sequential order; conveys main ideas, critical details, and underlying meaning; uses own words or quoted materials; preserves author’s perspective and voice)  A 
   4. Uses new information to adjust and extend personal knowledge base
   5. Draws conclusions and makes inferences based on explicit and implicit information in texts  A 
   6. Understand the evidence used to support an assertion in informational texts (e.g., differentiates between fact and opinion).
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Reads a variety of informational texts (e.g., textbooks, biographical sketches, letters, diaries, directions, procedures, magazines, essays, primary source historical documents, editorials, news stories, periodicals, catalogs, job-related materials, schedules, speeches, memoranda, public documents, maps)  A 
   2. Knows the defining characteristics of a variety of informational texts (e.g., structural features that aid information gathering, use of rhetorical devices, visual and quantitative presentation of information, logical sequencing of information, application of legal reasoning, practical or political purposes)
   3. Summarizes and paraphrases complex, implicit hierarchic structures in informational texts (e.g., the introduction and development of central ideas, the relationships among concepts and details)
   4. Uses a variety of criteria to evaluate the clarity and accuracy of information (e.g., author’s bias, author’s expertise, authenticity, clarity of purpose, consistency, effectiveness of organizational pattern, logic of arguments, validity of reasoning, sufficiency of evidence, propaganda techniques, authenticity, appeal to friendly or hostile audience, effective modes of persuasion)  A 
   5. Uses text features and elements to support inferences and generalizations about information (e.g., vocabulary, language use, expository structure, format, arguments and evidence, omissions or ambiguities)  A 

 A  = Assessment items available