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List of Benchmarks for Visual Arts

Standard 2.Knows how to use structures (e.g., sensory qualities, organizational principles, expressive features) and functions of art
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   1. Knows the differences among visual characteristics (e.g., color, texture) and purposes of art (e.g., to convey ideas)
   2. Understands how different compositional, expressive features (e.g., evoking joy, sadness, anger), and organizational principles (e.g., repetition, balance, emphasis, contrast, unity) cause different responses
   3. Uses visual structures and functions of art to communicate ideas
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   1. Knows some of the effects of various visual structures (e.g., design elements such as line, color, shape; principles such as repetition, rhythm, balance) and functions of art
   2. Understands what makes various organizational structures effective (or ineffective) in the communication of ideas
   3. Knows how the qualities of structures and functions of art are used to improve communication of one’s ideas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands how the characteristics and structures of art are used to accomplish commercial, personal, communal, or other artistic intentions
   2. Understands the effectiveness of various artworks in terms of organizational structures and functions
   3. Knows how organizational principles and functions can be used to solve specific visual arts problems