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List of Benchmarks for Visual Arts

Standard 1.Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Experiments with a variety of color, textures, and shapes
   2. Creates three-dimensional structures and arrangements using concrete materials or manipulatives (e.g., blocks)
   3. Uses a variety of basic art materials (e.g., paints, crayons, clay, pencils) to create works of art and express ideas and feelings
   4. Knows the names of a basic of colors
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   1. Knows the differences between art materials (e.g., paint, clay, wood, videotape), techniques (e.g., overlapping, shading, varying size or color), and processes (e.g., addition and subtraction in sculpture, casting and constructing in making jewelry)
   2. Knows how different materials, techniques, and processes cause different responses from the viewer
   3. Knows how different media (e.g., oil, watercolor, stone, metal), techniques, and processes are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
   4. Uses art materials and tools in a safe and responsible manner
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   1. Understands what makes different art media, techniques, and processes effective (or ineffective) in communicating various ideas
   2. Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Applies media, techniques, and processes with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
   2. Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media, techniques, and processes one uses