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Technology 
 Standard 4.Understands the nature of technological design
  
TopicInvention and innovation
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 8.Knows that invention is the process of creating a new system or object out of an idea while innovation is the process of modifying an existing system or object to improve it (e.g., the specialization of function of a subsystem)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  invention process
B.  innovation process
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that invention is the process of creating a new system or object out of an idea    
  2. Knows that innovation is the process of modifying an existing system or object to improve it    
  3. Understands that the specialization of function of a subsystem is an example of innovation   


Citation Log: BD(IDE,141;​STE,110)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
B   NBEA: National Standards for Business Education
F   NAEP: 2009 Science Framework (Pre-Publication Edition)
ID   International Baccalaureate: Design Technology (HS)
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems (HS)
IS   ISTE: National Educational Technology Standards for Students
IT   International Baccalaureate: Informational Technology (HS)
N1   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Elementary Years
N2   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Middle Years
NC   North Carolina Computer/Technology Skills
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
ST   ITEA: Standards for Technological Literacy
TA   Texas Technology Application Standards
TE   Texas Technology Education/Industrial Technology Education

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document