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List of Benchmarks for Technology 
 Standard 4.Understands the nature of technological design
Topics1. Natural and designed objects; 2. Design process
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 7.Understands that nonphysical objects (e.g., software) and physical objects (e.g., a telephone) are both subject to the design process
   Vocabulary terms
A.  design of nonphysical objects
B.  design of physical objects
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands that nonphysical objects are subject to the design process   
  2. Understands that physical objects are subject to the design process   
  3. Knows that computer software is a nonphysical object that is subject to the design process   
  4. Knows that the telephone is a physical object that is subject to the design process   

Citation Log: BD(STE,95)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
B   NBEA: National Standards for Business Education
F   NAEP: 2009 Science Framework (Pre-Publication Edition)
ID   International Baccalaureate: Design Technology (HS)
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems (HS)
IS   ISTE: National Educational Technology Standards for Students
IT   International Baccalaureate: Informational Technology (HS)
N1   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Elementary Years
N2   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Middle Years
NC   North Carolina Computer/Technology Skills
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
ST   ITEA: Standards for Technological Literacy
TA   Texas Technology Application Standards
TE   Texas Technology Education/Industrial Technology Education

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document