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Grades K-4 History 
 Standard 4.Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
  
Topics1. Role of historic figures in American democracy; 2. Role of individuals in history; 3. Human and civil rights
   Level I (Grade K-2)
  Benchmark 6.Understands the ways in which people in a variety of fields have advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good (e.g., Frederick Douglass, Clara Barton, Elizabeth Blackwell, Jackie Robinson, Rosa Parks, Jonas Salk, Cesar Chavez)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  human rights
B.  equality
C.  the common good
D.  individuals who struggle for human rights, equality, and the common good
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that Frederick Douglass advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by advocating the abolition of slavery   
  2. Knows that Clara Barton advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by founding the American Red Cross   
  3. Knows that Elizabeth Blackwell advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by becoming the first female doctor in the United States   
  4. Knows that Jackie Robinson advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by becoming the first African American to play baseball in the major leagues   
  5. Knows that Rosa Parks advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white person, an act that led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott   
  6. Knows that Jonas Salk advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by discovering a vaccine for polio   
  7. Knows that Cesar Chavez advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by helping migrant farm workers gain better pay and working conditions   


Citation Log: BD(BE,33;​KE,51)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
K   NCHS: K-4 History, expanded edition
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Provisional Item Specifications
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document