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List of Benchmarks for Language Arts 
 Standard 6.Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of literary texts
  
TopicLiterary genres
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Knows the defining characteristics of a variety of literary forms and genres (e.g.,the dramatic elements of staging, breaking the fourth wall, expressionism, minimalism, and dramatic irony; the syntax, narrative structure, people/nature relationships, and male/female roles used in mythic traditions; the range of poem structures, such as fixed and free forms, rhymed and unrhymed, narrative and lyric)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  characteristic
B.  genres
C.  dramatic elements
D.  staging
E.  breaking the fourth wall
F.  expressionism
G.  minimalism
H.  dramatic irony
I.  syntax of myths
J.  narrative structure
K.  poem structure
L.  fixed form poetry
M.  free form poetry
N.  rhymed poetry
O.  unrhymed poetry
P.  narrative poetry
Q.  lyric poetry
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows defining characteristics of a variety of literary forms   
  2. Knows defining characteristics of a variety of literary genres   
  3. Knows the defining characteristics of dramatic literature appropriate to 9-12   P  
  4. Understands the dramatic element of staging   P  
  5. Understands the dramatic element of breaking the fourth wall   P  
  6. Understands the dramatic element of expressionism   P  
  7. Understands the dramatic element of minimalism   P  
  8. Understands the element of dramatic irony   
  9. Knows the defining characteristics of myths appropriate to 9-12   P  
  10. Understands the syntax used in mythic traditions   P  
  11. Understands the narrative structure of mythic traditions   P  
  12. Understands the relationship between people an nature used in mythic traditions   
  13. Understands the male and female roles used in mythic traditions   P  
  14. Knows the defining characteristics of poems appropriate to 9-12   P  
  15. Understands the structure of fixed forms of poetry    P  
  16. Understands the structure of free forms of poetry   P  
  17. Understands the structure of rhymed forms of poetry   P  
  18. Understands the structure of unrhymed forms of poetry   P  
  19. Understands the structure of narrative forms of poetry   P  
  20. Understands the structure of lyric forms of poetry   P  


 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

Citation Log: BD(AI,81;​CAE, 57,58,67,68;​CBE,70,71;​G9E,1,2;​GALE,1,2;​INE,83,84,94,103,115;​MAE,43;​NS3E,26;​NRI,9,10;​NZ2E,18,20;​SP4E,55,83;​T3E,10;​VE,45,48-51,53-54,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
A   Australian Education Council
AASL   American Association of School Librarians
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B   British Film Institute
C   Considine & Haley, Visual Images
CA   California: English-Language Arts Content Standards
CB   CBE: Standards for Excellence
CBS   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: English Language Arts
CC   Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts
D   Department of Defense Curriculum
E1   Edison Project: Primary Academy
E2   Edison Project: Elementary Academy
E3   Edison Project: Junior Academy
ES1   NCTE: Exemplar Series, K-5
ES2   NCTE: Exemplar Series, 6-8
ES3   NCTE: Exemplar Series, 9-12
FR   France: Programmes de l’ecole primaire francaise
G1   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 1
G2   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 2
G3   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 3
G4   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 4
G5   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 5
G6   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 6
G7   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 7
G8   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 8
G9   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 9
GAL   Georgia: English Language Arts - American Literature
GK   Georgia: English Language Arts - Kindergarten
HS   Head Start Child Outcome Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Language A
IA1   International Baccalaureate: Language A1 Guide
IN   Indiana: English Language Arts
IP   International Baccalaureate: Primary
L   Literacy for the Information Age
LA   Louisiana Language and Literacy Development
MA   Massachusetts: English Language Arts Curriculum Framework
MA2   Massachusetts: Supplement to English Language Arts Framework, Grades 3,5,7
MH   McGraw-Hill Pre-K Standards
N   National Communication Association
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
NR   NAEP: 1992-1998 Achievement Levels- Reading
NS1   New Standards: Elementary School
NS2   New Standards: Middle School
NS3   New Standards: High School
NW   NAEP: 1992-1998 Achievement Levels-Writing
NZ    New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
NZ2   New Zealand Curriculum
O1   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 1
O10   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 10
O11   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 11
O12   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 12
O2   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 2
O3   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 3
O4   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 4
O5   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 5
O6   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 6
O7   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 7
O8   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 8
O9   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 9
P   Partnership for 21st Century Skills
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   Speech Communication Association
SP1   NCTE: Standards in Practice: K-2
SP2   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 3-5
SP3   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 6-8
SP4   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 9-12
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
T   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading
T1   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: Elementary
T2   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: Middle School
T3   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: High School
TM   Teaching the Media
TX   Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UNK   United Kingdom: Curriculum Guidance for the Foundation Stage
UT   Utah Early Childhood Standards
V   Board of Education, Commonwealth of Virginia: Standards of Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document