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List of Benchmarks for Language Arts 
 Standard 6.Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of literary texts
  
TopicLiterary style and techniques
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 6.Understands the use of language in literary works to convey mood, images, and meaning (e.g., dialect; dialogue; symbolism; irony; rhyme; voice; tone; sound; alliteration; assonance; consonance; onomatopoeia; figurative language such as similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, allusion; sentence structure; punctuation)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  mood
B.  image
C.  language structure
D.  dialect
E.  dialogue in literature
F.  symbolism
G.  irony
H.  rhyme as literary device
I.  voice as literary device
J.  tone as literary device
K.  sound as literary device
L.  allusion
M.  assonance
N.  consonance
O.  sentence structure as literary device
P.  figurative language
Q.  hyperbole
R.  punctuation as literary device
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the use of language in literary works to convey mood   P  
  2. Understands the use of language in literary works to convey images   P  
  3. Understands the use of language in literary works to convey meaning  A   P   RL.6.4; RL.7.4; RL.8.4; RI.7.4; RI.8.4 
  4. Understands the use of dialect in literature    P  
  5. Understands the use of dialogue in literature   A   P  
  6. Understands the use of symbolism in literature   A   P  
  7. Understands the use of irony in literature    P   L.8.5.a 
  8. Understands the use of rhyme in literature    P  
  9. Understands the use of voice in literature    P  
  10. Understands the use of tone in literature    P   RL.6.4; RL.8.4; RI.7.4; RI.8.4 
  11. Understands the use of sound   P   RL.7.4 
  12. Understands the use of alliteration in literature   P   RL.7.4 
  13. Understands the use of assonance in literature     RL.7.4 
  14. Understands the use of consonance in literature     RL.7.4 
  15. Understands the use of onomatopoeia in literature   P   RL.7.4 
  16. Understands the use of figurative language in literature    P   L.6.5.a; L.7.5.a; L.8.5.a 
  17. Understands the use of similes in literature    P  
  18. Understands the use of metaphors in literature    P  
  19. Understands the use of personification in literature    P   L.6.5.a 
  20. Understands the use of hyperbole in literature    P   L.11-12.5.a 
  21. Understands the use of allusion in literature    P   RL.8.4; RI.8.4; L.7.5.a 
  22. Understands the use of sentence structure in literature   P  
  23. Understands the use of punctuation in literature    P  
  
McREL Activity(s)
   PADLE: A Tool for Poetry Navigation


 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

 CC  = Common Core standards available (Common Core ID indicated)

Citation Log: BD(CAI,35-36,42;​CBE,70;​G6E,2;​G7E,2;​G8E,2;​INE,53,64,74;​MAE,54;​MA2I,15;​NS2E,26;​NZ2E,6,10,14,16;​T2E,14;​VE,32,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
A   Australian Education Council
AASL   American Association of School Librarians
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B   British Film Institute
C   Considine & Haley, Visual Images
CA   California: English-Language Arts Content Standards
CB   CBE: Standards for Excellence
CBS   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: English Language Arts
CC   Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts
D   Department of Defense Curriculum
E1   Edison Project: Primary Academy
E2   Edison Project: Elementary Academy
E3   Edison Project: Junior Academy
ES1   NCTE: Exemplar Series, K-5
ES2   NCTE: Exemplar Series, 6-8
ES3   NCTE: Exemplar Series, 9-12
FR   France: Programmes de l’ecole primaire francaise
G1   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 1
G2   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 2
G3   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 3
G4   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 4
G5   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 5
G6   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 6
G7   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 7
G8   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 8
G9   Georgia: English Language Arts - Grade 9
GAL   Georgia: English Language Arts - American Literature
GK   Georgia: English Language Arts - Kindergarten
HS   Head Start Child Outcome Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Language A
IA1   International Baccalaureate: Language A1 Guide
IN   Indiana: English Language Arts
IP   International Baccalaureate: Primary
L   Literacy for the Information Age
LA   Louisiana Language and Literacy Development
MA   Massachusetts: English Language Arts Curriculum Framework
MA2   Massachusetts: Supplement to English Language Arts Framework, Grades 3,5,7
MH   McGraw-Hill Pre-K Standards
N   National Communication Association
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
NR   NAEP: 1992-1998 Achievement Levels- Reading
NS1   New Standards: Elementary School
NS2   New Standards: Middle School
NS3   New Standards: High School
NW   NAEP: 1992-1998 Achievement Levels-Writing
NZ    New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
NZ2   New Zealand Curriculum
O1   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 1
O10   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 10
O11   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 11
O12   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 12
O2   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 2
O3   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 3
O4   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 4
O5   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 5
O6   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 6
O7   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 7
O8   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 8
O9   Ontario Ministry of Education, Media Literacy - Grade 9
P   Partnership for 21st Century Skills
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   Speech Communication Association
SP1   NCTE: Standards in Practice: K-2
SP2   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 3-5
SP3   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 6-8
SP4   NCTE: Standards in Practice: 9-12
SS   NCSS: Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
T   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading
T1   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: Elementary
T2   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: Middle School
T3   Texas: English Language Arts and Reading: High School
TM   Teaching the Media
TX   Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UNK   United Kingdom: Curriculum Guidance for the Foundation Stage
UT   Utah Early Childhood Standards
V   Board of Education, Commonwealth of Virginia: Standards of Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document