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United States History


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Era 1 - Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620)
1.Understands the characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450
2.Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
Era 2 - Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)
3.Understands why the Americas attracted Europeans, why they brought enslaved Africans to their colonies and how Europeans struggled for control of North America and the Caribbean
4.Understands how political, religious, and social institutions emerged in the English colonies
5.Understands how the values and institutions of European economic life took root in the colonies and how slavery reshaped European and African life in the Americas
Era 3 - Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s)
6.Understands the causes of the American Revolution, the ideas and interests involved in shaping the revolutionary movement, and reasons for the American victory
7.Understands the impact of the American Revolution on politics, economy, and society
8.Understands the institutions and practices of government created during the Revolution and how these elements were revised between 1787 and 1815 to create the foundation of the American political system based on the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
Era 4 - Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)
9.Understands the United States territorial expansion between 1801 and 1861, and how it affected relations with external powers and Native Americans
10.Understands how the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed American lives and led to regional tensions
11.Understands the extension, restriction, and reorganization of political democracy after 1800
12.Understands the sources and character of cultural, religious, and social reform movements in the antebellum period
Era 5 - Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
13.Understands the causes of the Civil War
14.Understands the course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people
15.Understands how various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed
Era 6 - The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)
16.Understands how the rise of corporations, heavy industry, and mechanized farming transformed American society
17.Understands massive immigration after 1870 and how new social patterns, conflicts, and ideas of national unity developed amid growing cultural diversity
18.Understands the rise of the American labor movement and how political issues reflected social and economic changes
19.Understands federal Indian policy and United States foreign policy after the Civil War
Era 7 - The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)
20.Understands how Progressives and others addressed problems of industrial capitalism, urbanization, and political corruption
21.Understands the changing role of the United States in world affairs through World War I
22.Understands how the United States changed between the post-World War I years and the eve of the Great Depression
Era 8 - The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)
23.Understands the causes of the Great Depression and how it affected American society
24.Understands how the New Deal addressed the Great Depression, transformed American federalism, and initiated the welfare state
25.Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
Era 9 - Postwar United States (1945 to early 1970s)
26.Understands the economic boom and social transformation of post-World War II United States
27.Understands how the Cold War and conflicts in Korea and Vietnam influenced domestic and international politics
28.Understands domestic policies in the post-World War II period
29.Understands the struggle for racial and gender equality and for the extension of civil liberties
Era 10 - Contemporary United States (1968 to the present)
30.Understands developments in foreign policy and domestic politics between the Nixon and Clinton presidencies
31.Understands economic, social, and cultural developments in the contemporary United States