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Topic: Decision-making 

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 6.  Applies decision-making techniques
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Makes and defends decisions about daily activities (e.g., what books to read)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Makes decisions about daily activities
     2.Defends decisions about daily activities
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Studies past and present decisions that were made in the community in terms of the alternatives that were considered
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Studies past decisions that were made in the community in terms of the alternatives that were considered
     2.Studies present decisions that were made in the community in terms of the alternatives that were considered
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Identifies situations in the community and in one’s personal life in which a decision is required
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies situations in the community in which a decision is required
     2.Identifies situations in one’s personal life in which a decision is required
   Benchmark 2.Secures factual information needed to evaluate alternatives and uses it to predict the consequences of selecting each alternative
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Secures factual information needed to evaluate alternatives
     2.Uses factual information to predict the consequences of selecting each alternative
   Benchmark 3.Identifies the values underlying the alternatives that are considered and the criteria that will be used to make a selection among the alternatives
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies the values underlying the alternatives that are considered
     2.Identifies the criteria that will be used to make a selection among the alternatives
   Benchmark 4.Makes decisions based on the data obtained and the criteria identified (e.g., selects appropriate locations for service industries in the community)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Makes decisions based on the data obtained
     2.Makes decisions based on the criteria identified
   Benchmark 5.Takes action to implement a decision, monitors progress, and adjusts when needed
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Takes action to implement a decision
     2.Monitors progress of the decision’s action plan
     3.Adjusts decision’s action plan when needed
   Benchmark 6.Makes effective decisions about consumer products based on important criteria, including external features, performance, durability, cost, and personal tradeoffs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Makes effective decisions about consumer products
     2.Bases decisions about consumer products on important criteria, including external features
     3.Bases decisions about consumer products on important criteria, including performance
     4.Bases decisions about consumer products on important criteria, including durability
     5.Bases decisions about consumer products on important criteria, including cost
     6.Bases decisions about consumer products on important criteria, including personal tradeoffs
   Benchmark 7.Analyzes personal decisions in terms of the options that were considered
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of analyzing personal decisions
   Benchmark 8.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to make or study decisions involving a relatively limited number of alternatives and criteria
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to make decisions involving a relatively limited number of alternatives
     2.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to make decisions involving a relatively limited number of criteria
     3.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to study decisions involving a relatively limited number of alternatives
     4.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to study decisions involving a relatively limited number of criteria
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Analyzes decisions that were major turning points in history and describes how things would have been different if other alternatives had been selected
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Analyzes decisions that were major turning points in history
     2.Describes how things would have been different if other alternatives had been selected for decisions that were major turning points in history
   Benchmark 2.Analyzes current or pending decisions that can affect national or international policy and identifies the consequences of each alternative
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Analyzes current decisions that can affect national or international policy
     2.Analyzes pending decisions that can affect national or international policy
     3.Identifies the consequences of each alternative to a national or international policy decision
   Benchmark 3.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to make or study decisions involving a relatively large number of alternatives and criteria
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to make decisions involving a relatively large number of alternatives
     2.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to make decisions involving a relatively large number of criteria
     3.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to study decisions involving a relatively large number of alternatives
     4.Uses a decision-making grid or matrix to study decisions involving a relatively large number of criteria
   Benchmark 4.Uses a balance sheet to evaluate the costs and benefits of various alternatives within a decision
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a balance sheet to evaluate the costs of various alternatives within a decision
     2.Uses a balance sheet to evaluate the benefits of various alternatives within a decision
   Benchmark 5.Evaluates major factors (e.g., personal priorities, environmental conditions, peer groups) that influence personal decisions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates major factors such as personal priorities that influence personal decisions
     2.Evaluates major factors such as environmental conditions that influence personal decisions
     3.Evaluates major factors such as peer groups that influence personal decisions
   Benchmark 6.Analyzes the impact of decisions on self and others and takes responsibility for consequences and outcomes of decisions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Analyzes the impact of decisions on self and others
     2.Takes responsibility for consequences of decisions

Self-Regulation

 Standard 3.  Considers risks
  Level IV (Grade K-12)
   Benchmark 1.Weighs risks in making decisions and solving problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Weighs risks in making decisions
 Standard 6.  Restrains impulsivity
  Level IV (Grade K-12)
   Benchmark 2.Remains passive while assessing situation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that strong emotion can affect clear thinking
     2.Monitors emotions to maintain composure