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Topic: Verbal and nonverbal communication 

Working With Others

 Standard 4.  Displays effective interpersonal communication skills
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 5.Uses language to communicate thoughts, feelings, and needs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses language to make requests
     2.Uses language to share information
     3.Uses language to express his or her feelings
     4.Uses polite words and phrases
   Benchmark 6.Uses and responds to nonverbal communication (e.g., raising hand, smiling back at others)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses non-verbal communication
     2.Responds to non-verbal communication
     3.Returns smile when smiled at
  Level IV (Grade K-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows strategies to effectively communicate in a variety of settings (e.g., selects appropriate strategy for audience and situation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows communication strategies for different situations
     2.Knows communication strategies for different audiences
   Benchmark 5.Uses nonverbal communication such as eye contact, body position, and gestures effectively
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses nonverbal communication, such as eye contact, effectively
     2.Uses nonverbal communication, such as body position, effectively
     3.Uses nonverbal communication, such as gestures, effectively
   Benchmark 6.Demonstrates attentive listening by clarifying messages received (e.g., paraphrasing, questioning)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Demonstrates attentive listening by clarifying messages through paraphrasing
     2.Demonstrates attentive listening by clarifying messages through questioning
   Benchmark 8.Adjusts tone, content, and delivery of information to accommodate the likes of others
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Adjusts tone to accommodate the likes of others
     2.Adjusts content of information to accommodate the likes of others
     3.Adjusts delivery of information to accommodate the likes of others
   Benchmark 9.Attends to both verbal and nonverbal messages
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Attends to verbal messages
     2.Attends to nonverbal messages
   Benchmark 10.Uses emotions appropriately in personal dialogues
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Expresses feelings in dialogues with others
   Benchmark 11.Makes use of confrontation when appropriate
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Challenges others in a responsible manner
   Benchmark 12.Demonstrates sensitivity to cultural diversity (e.g., personal space, use of eye contact, gestures, bias-free language)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Demonstrates sensitivity to cultural diversity through personal space
     2.Demonstrates sensitivity to cultural diversity by use of eye contact
     3.Demonstrates sensitivity to cultural diversity through appropriate gestures

Foreign Language

 Standard 1.  Uses the target language to engage in conversations, express feelings and emotions, and exchange opinions and information
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 5.Uses and responds to culturally appropriate nonverbal cues and body language (e.g., to clarify a verbal message, to engage a listener’s attention, to express humor, for social interactions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses culturally appropriate nonverbal cues
     2.Responds to culturally appropriate nonverbal cues
     3.Uses culturally appropriate body language
     4.Responds to culturally appropriate body language
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 3.Uses vocabulary and cultural expressions to express the failure to understand the message or to request additional information (e.g., requests that the speaker restate the message, asks appropriate questions for clarification)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Uses cultural expressions to express the failure to understand the message
     4.Uses cultural expressions to request additional information
     5.Requests that the speaker restate the message
     6.Asks appropriate questions for clarification
   Benchmark 4.Uses appropriate verbal strategies and cues (e.g., rephrasing, circumlocution, repetition, tone, stress, intonation) to communicate spoken messages and maintain listening comprehension
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses appropriate verbal strategies to communicate spoken messages
     2.Uses appropriate verbal strategies to maintain listening comprehension
     3.Uses appropriate verbal cues to communicate spoken messages and maintain listening comprehension
     4.Uses appropriate verbal cues to maintain listening comprehension
     5.Uses rephrasing appropriately
     6.Uses circumlocution appropriately
     7.Uses repetition appropriately
     8.Uses tone appropriately
     9.Uses stress appropriately
     10.Uses intonation appropriately
   Benchmark 5.Uses and responds to culturally appropriate nonverbal cues (e.g., gestures, physical distance, eye contact) to communicate spoken messages and maintain listening comprehension
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses culturally appropriate nonverbal cues to communicate spoken messages
     2.Uses culturally appropriate nonverbal cues to maintain listening comprehension
     3.Responds to culturally appropriate nonverbal cues to maintain listening comprehension
     4.Uses and responds to gestures appropriately
     5.Uses and responds to physical distance appropriately
     6.Uses and responds to eye contact appropriately
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Uses appropriate verbal strategies and cues (e.g., rephrasing, circumlocution, summarization) to communicate a message in the target language
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses appropriate verbal strategies to communicate a message in the target language
     2.Uses appropriate verbal cues to communicate a message in the target language
     3.Uses rephrasing to communicate a message in the target language
     4.Uses circumlocution to communicate a message in the target language
     5.Uses summarization to communicate a message in the target language
   Benchmark 6.Uses culturally appropriate nonverbal cues and body language (e.g., eye contact, personal space, gestures) to communicate a message in the target language and maintain listening comprehension
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses culturally appropriate nonverbal cues to communicate a message in the target language
     2.Uses culturally appropriate body language to communicate a message in the target language
     3.Uses culturally appropriate body language to maintain listening comprehension
     4.Uses culturally appropriate eye contact
     5.Uses culturally appropriate personal space
     6.Uses culturally appropriate gestures
 Standard 2.  Understands and interprets written and spoken language on diverse topics from diverse media
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands nonverbal and verbal cues when listening to or observing a user of the target language
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands nonverbal cues when listening to a user of the target language
     2.Understands verbal cues when listening to a user of the target language
     3.Understands nonverbal cues when observing a user of the target language
     4.Understands verbal cues when observing a user of the target language

Language Arts

 Standard 8.  Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Speaks clearly enough to be understood by unfamiliar adults and uses appropriate levels of volume, tone, and inflection
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Speaks clearly and audibly
     2.Uses expressive language skills
     3.Uses appropriate voice level when speaking
     4.Uses appropriate tone when speaking
     5.Uses appropriate inflection when speaking
     6.Knows that different voice levels are appropriate for different situations
     7.Knows that different tones of voice are appropriate for different situations
   Benchmark 2.Uses new vocabulary to describe feelings, thoughts, experiences, and observations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses descriptive words
     2.Uses new vocabulary to describe feelings
     3.Uses new vocabulary to describe thoughts
     4.Uses new vocabulary to describe experiences
     5.Uses new vocabulary to describe observations
   Benchmark 3.Speaks expressively (e.g., uses different voices for various characters)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Speaks with appropriate expression
   Benchmark 4.Uses descriptive language (e.g., color words; size words, such as bigger, smaller; shape words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses comparative words
     2.Uses words that describe color
     3.Uses words that describe size
     4.Uses words that describe shape
   Benchmark 5.Tells stories based on personal experience or make-believe
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Tells a simple personal narrative
     2.Retells or creates a story using the special language of storybooks (e.g., "Once upon a time")
   Benchmark 6.Asks questions to obtain information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Ask relevant questions
   Benchmark 7.Answers simple questions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Answers questions appropriately
   Benchmark 8.Follows conversation rules (e.g., taking turns, making relevant comments; staying on topic) when talking with peers and adults
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Talks about one topic for several turns with a peer or adult
     2.Knows that it is appropriate to take turns while talking
     3.Knows a variety of rules related to having a conversation
     4.Understands that following certain rules makes it easier to have a conversation
   Benchmark 12.Understands messages in conversations (e.g. responds differently based on purpose of messages in conversation; attends and responds to conversations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Responds appropriately in conversation
     2.Adapts language to meet different social and situational needs
   Benchmark 13.Follows one- and two-step directions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands spoken directions
     2.Follows one-step spoken directions
     3.Follows two-step spoken directions
   Benchmark 14.Understands basic conversational vocabulary
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands a varied listening and speaking vocabulary
   Benchmark 19.Listens to a variety of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, drama, rhymes, and songs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Listens to fiction
     2.Listens to nonfiction
     3.Listens to poetry
     4.Listens to drama
     5.Listens to rhymes
     6.Listens to songs
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 4.Uses different voice level, phrasing, and intonation for different situations (e.g., small group settings, informal discussions, reports to the class)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses different voice levels for different speaking situations
     2.Uses different phrasing for different speaking situations
     3.Uses different intonation for different speaking situations
     4.Uses appropriate voice level, phrasing, and intonation for small group settings
     5.Uses appropriate voice level, phrasing, and intonation for informal discussions
     6.Uses appropriate voice level, phrasing, and intonation for class reports
   Benchmark 5.Uses level-appropriate vocabulary in speech (e.g., number words; words that describe people, places, things, events, location, actions; synonyms, antonyms; homonyms, word analogies, common figures of speech)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses common figures of speech in oral communication
     2.Uses number words in oral communication
     3.Uses words that describe people in oral communication
     4.Uses words that describe places in oral communication
     5.Uses words that describe events in oral communication
     6.Uses words that describe things in oral communication
     7.Uses words that describe location in oral communication
     8.Uses words that describe action in oral communication
     9.Uses synonyms in oral communication
     10.Uses antonyms in oral communication
     11.Uses homonyms in oral communication
     12.Uses word analogies in oral communication
   Benchmark 6.Gives and responds to oral directions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Gives oral directions
     2.Responds to oral directions
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Uses strategies to convey a clear main point when speaking (e.g., expresses ideas in a logical manner, uses specific vocabulary to establish tone and present information)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Expresses ideas in logical manner when speaking
     2.Uses vocabulary to establish tone when speaking
     3.Uses vocabulary to present information when speaking
   Benchmark 6.Uses level-appropriate vocabulary in speech (e.g., familiar idioms, similes, word play)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses familiar idioms in speech
     2.Uses similes in speech
     3.Uses word play in speech
   Benchmark 8.Uses a variety of nonverbal communication skills (e.g., eye contact, gestures, facial expressions, posture)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses eye contact appropriate to grades 3-5 in speaking situations
     2.Uses gestures in speaking situations
     3.Uses facial expressions in speaking situations
     4.Uses posture appropriate to grades 3-5 in speaking situations
   Benchmark 9.Uses a variety of verbal communication skills (e.g., projection, tone, volume, rate, articulation, pace, phrasing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses projection to enhance oral communication
     2.Uses tone appropriate to grades 3-5 to enhance oral communication
     3.Uses volume appropriate to grades 3-5 to enhance oral communication
     4.Uses rate to enhance oral communication
     5.Uses articulation to enhance oral communication
     6.Uses pace to enhance oral communication
     7.Uses phrasing to enhance oral communication
   Benchmark 14.Interprets the use of nonverbal cues used in conversation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the meaning of a variety of verbal cues
     2.Knows the meaning of a variety of nonverbal cues
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Uses level-appropriate vocabulary in speech (e.g., metaphorical language, specialized language, sensory details)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses metaphorical language in speech
     2.Uses specialized language in speech
     3.Uses sensory details in speech
   Benchmark 7.Uses appropriate verbal and nonverbal techniques for oral presentations (e.g., inflection/modulation of voice, tempo, word choice, grammar, feeling, expression, tone, volume, enunciation, physical gestures, body movement, eye contact, posture)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Uses appropriate grammar in oral presentations
     5.Uses feeling in oral presentations
     6.Uses expression in oral presentations
     8.Uses volume appropriate to grades 6-8 in oral presentations
     9.Uses enunciation appropriate to grades 6-8 in oral presentations
     11.Uses body movement in oral presentations
     12.Uses eye contact appropriate to grades 6-8 in oral presentations
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Adjusts message wording and delivery to particular audiences (e.g., uses standard English for formal audiences) and for particular purposes (e.g., to defend a position, to entertain, to inform, to persuade)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Adjusts message wording to the particular audience
     2.Adjusts delivery to the particular audience
     3.Uses standard English for formal audiences
     4.Adjusts message wording to the particular purpose
     5.Adjusts delivery to the particular purpose
     6.Adjusts message to defend a position
     7.Adjusts message to entertain
     8.Adjusts message to inform
     9.Adjusts message to persuade
   Benchmark 7.Uses a variety of verbal and nonverbal techniques for presentations (e.g., modulation of voice; varied inflection; tempo; enunciation; physical gestures; rhetorical questions; word choice, including figurative language, informal usage, technical language) and demonstrates poise and self-control while presenting
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses verbal techniques for presentations
     2.Uses nonverbal techniques for presentations
     4.Uses varied inflection
     9.Uses rhetorical questions
     10.Uses figurative language in oral presentations
     11.Uses informal usage
     12.Uses technical usage
     13.Demonstrates poise while presenting
     14.Demonstrates self control while presenting