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Topic: Trouble-shooting 

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 5.  Applies basic trouble-shooting and problem-solving techniques
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Applies trouble shooting strategies to complex real world situations (e.g., workplace situations, family concerns)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies trouble shooting strategies to workplace situations
     2.Applies trouble shooting strategies to family concerns
   Benchmark 2.Understands that trouble-shooting almost anything may require many-step branching logic
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands many-step branching logic
     2.Knows requirements of trouble shooting
   Benchmark 3.Trouble-shoots common mechanical and electrical systems, checking for possible causes of malfunction, and decides on that basis whether to make a change or get advice from an expert before proceeding
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Trouble-shoots common mechanical systems
     2.Trouble-shoots common electrical systems
     3.Checks for possible causes of malfunction in mechanical and electrical systems
     4.Decides whether to make a change or get advice from an expert before fixing a problem in a mechanical or electrical system
   Benchmark 4.Isolates a problem component in a schematic diagram and traces it to the cause of the problem
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Isolates a problem component in a schematic diagram

Engineering Education

 Standard 2.  Knows principles of circuit analysis
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Uses test and measuring equipment to diagnose malfunctions of electrical systems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses test equipment to diagnose malfunctions of electrical systems
     2.Uses measuring equipment to diagnose malfunctions of electrical systems
 Standard 6.  Knows methods of maintaining, servicing, and repairing transportation vehicles
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands troubleshooting procedures used to diagnose malfunctions in transportation vehicles (e.g., using test equipment to evaluate engine operation, using owner’s manual to diagnose a problem)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands trouble-shooting procedures
     2.Understands how to evaluate engine performance using test equipment
     3.Understands how to diagnose problems using the owner’s manual