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Topic: Patterns and relationships 

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 3.  Effectively uses mental processes that are based on identifying similarities and differences
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Finds simple patterns in the surrounding events and objects
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Finds simple patterns in the surrounding events
     2.Finds simple patterns in the surrounding objects
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Articulates abstract relationships between existing categories of information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows abstract relationships between various categories of information
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Identifies abstract patterns of similarities and differences between information on the same topic but from different sources
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies abstract patterns of similarities between information on the same topic but from different sources
     2.Identifies abstract patterns of differences between information on the same topic but from different sources
   Benchmark 3.Identifies abstract relationships between seemingly unrelated items
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that items which seem unrelated may actually share abstract characteristics
 Standard 4.  Understands and applies basic principles of hypothesis testing and scientific inquiry
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that changing one thing sometimes causes changes in something else and that changing the same thing in the same way usually has the same result
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that changing one thing sometimes causes changes in something else
     2.Understands that changing the same thing in the same way usually has the same result