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Topic: Interpreting findings 

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 2.  Understands and applies basic principles of logic and reasoning
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 9.Understands that personal values influence the types of conclusions people make
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that personal values may affect the way people interpret findings
   Benchmark 10.Recognizes situations in which a variety of conclusions can be drawn from the same information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that sometimes more than one conclusion may be drawn from the same information
 Standard 4.  Understands and applies basic principles of hypothesis testing and scientific inquiry
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that there may be more than one valid way to interpret a set of findings
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people may interpret findings in different ways
   Benchmark 4.Questions findings in which no mention is made of whether the control group is very similar to the experimental group
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that in an investigation, it is important to report similarities and differences between the control group and the experimental group
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Presents alternative explanations and conclusions to one’s own experiments and those of others
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Presents alternative explanations to one’s own experiments and those of others
     2.Presents alternative conclusions to one’s own experiments and those of others