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Topic: Inductive reasoning 

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 2.  Understands and applies basic principles of logic and reasoning
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 7.Understands that some people invent a general rule to explain how something works by summarizing observations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a general rule may be formed by summarizing observations
     2.Knows that sometimes people invent a general rule to explain how something works
   Benchmark 8.Understands that people overgeneralize by making up rules on the basis of only a few observations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that overgeneralizing can occur by making up rules based on only a few observations
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 14.Understands the distinction between deductive and inductive reasoning
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands deductive reasoning
     2.Understands inductive reasoning