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Topic: Forming Hypotheses 

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 4.  Understands and applies basic principles of hypothesis testing and scientific inquiry
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Keeps a notebook that describes observations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that it is important to record observations
   Benchmark 3.Distinguishes between actual observations and inferences (i.e., ideas or conclusions about what was observed)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that inferences are ideas or conclusions about what was observed
   Benchmark 4.Keeps systematic records of observations (e.g., temperature, precipitation, cloud cover) to formulate hypotheses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Keeps systematic records of observations
     2.Keeps systematic records of temperature
     3.Keeps systematic records of precipitation
     4.Keeps systematic records of cloud cover
     5.Formulates hypotheses from observations
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that there are a variety of ways people can form hypotheses, including basing them on many observations, basing them on very few observations, and constructing them on only one or two observations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that there are a variety of ways people can form hypotheses
     2.Knows that people can form hypotheses by basing them on many observations
     3.Understands that people can form hypotheses by basing them on very few observations
     4.Understands that people can form hypotheses by basing them on only one or two observations
   Benchmark 5.Formulates a new hypothesis for study after an old hypothesis has been eliminated
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that testing an hypothesis can prove it to be wrong
     2.Knows that hypothesis can be revised