Topic: Deductive reasoning |
Thinking and Reasoning |
| Standard 2. Understands and applies basic principles of logic and reasoning |
| | Level III (Grade 6-8) |
| | | Benchmark 1. | Uses formal deductive connectors ("if...then," "not," "and," "or") in the construction of deductive arguments |
| | | | Knowledge/skill statements |
| | | | | 1. | Uses the formal connectors "if...then" in the construction of deductive arguments |
| | | | | 2. | Uses the formal connector "not" in the construction of deductive arguments |
| | | | | 3. | Uses the formal connector "and" in the construction of deductive arguments |
| | | | | 4. | Uses the formal connector "or" in the construction of deductive arguments |
| | Level IV (Grade 9-12) |
| | | Benchmark 2. | Analyzes the deductive validity of arguments based on implicit or explicit assumptions |
| | | | Knowledge/skill statements |
| | | | | 1. | Analyzes the deductive validity of arguments based on implicit assumptions |
| | | | | 2. | Analyzes the deductive validity of arguments based on explicit assumptions |
| | | Benchmark 14. | Understands the distinction between deductive and inductive reasoning |
| | | | Knowledge/skill statements |
| | | | | 1. | Understands deductive reasoning |
| | | | | 2. | Understands inductive reasoning |