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Topic: Comparing/Contrasting 

Arts and Communication

 Standard 1.  Understands the principles, processes, and products associated with arts and communication media
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the elements, materials, technologies, artistic processes (e.g., imagination, craftsmanship) and organizational principles (e.g. unity and variety, repetition and contrast) are used in similar and distinctive ways in various art forms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how elements are used in similar ways in various art forms
     2.Understands how materials are used in similar ways in various art forms
     3.Understands how technologies are used in similar ways in various art forms
     4.Understands how artistic processes are used in similar ways in various art forms
     5.Understands how imagination is used in similar ways in various art forms
     6.Understands how craftsmanship is used in similar ways in various art forms
     7.Understands how organizational principles are used in similar ways in various art forms
     8.Understands how the organizational principle of unity is used in similar ways in various art forms
     9.Understands how the organizational principle of variety is used in similar ways in various art forms
     10.Understands how the organizational principle of repetition is used in similar ways in various art forms
     11.Understands how the organizational principle of contrast is used in similar ways in various art forms
     12.Understands how elements are used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     13.Understands how materials are used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     14.Understands how technologies are used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     15.Understands how artistic processes are used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     16.Understands how imagination is used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     17.Understands how craftsmanship is used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     18.Understands how organizational principles are used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     19.Understands how the organizational principle of unity is used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     20.Understands how the organizational principle of variety is used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     21.Understands how the organizational principle of repetition is used in distinctive ways in various art forms
     22.Understands how the organizational principle of contrast is used in distinctive ways in various art forms
 Standard 5.  Knows a range of arts and communication works from various historical and cultural periods
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Knows similarities and differences among the lives, works, and influence of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods (e.g., composers in music, artists, dancers, actors and actresses)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows similarities among the lives of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods
     2.Knows differences among the lives of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods
     3.Knows similarities among the works of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods
     4.Knows differences among the works of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods
     5.Knows similarities among the influence of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods
     6.Knows differences among the influence of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods
     7.Knows the similarities among different composers in music from different cultures and historical periods
     8.Knows the differences among different composers in music from different cultures and historical periods
     9.Knows the similarities among different artists from different cultures and historical periods
     10.Knows the differences among different artists from different cultures and historical periods
     11.Knows the similarities among different dancers from different cultures and historical periods
     12.Knows the differences among different dancers from different cultures and historical periods
     13.Knows the similarities among different actors from different cultures and historical periods
     14.Knows the differences among different actors from different cultures and historical periods
     15.Knows the similarities among different actresses from different cultures and historical periods

Thinking and Reasoning

 Standard 1.  Understands and applies the basic principles of presenting an argument
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 7.Compares and contrasts the credibility of differing accounts of the same event
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Determines similarities between differing accounts of the same event
     2.Determines differences between differing accounts of the same event
 Standard 3.  Effectively uses mental processes that are based on identifying similarities and differences
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Identifies the similarities and differences between persons, places, things, and events using concrete criteria
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses concrete criteria to compare persons, places, things, and events
     2.Identifies the similarities and differences between persons and places
     3.Identifies the similarities and differences between persons and things
     4.Identifies the similarities and differences between persons and events
     5.Identifies the similarities and differences between places and things
     6.Identifies the similarities and differences between places and events
     7.Identifies the similarities and differences between things and events
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that one way to make sense of something is to think how it is like something more familiar
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways to make sense of unfamiliar things
   Benchmark 2.Knows when comparisons might not be fair because some characteristics are not the same
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Recognizes unfair comparisons
   Benchmark 3.Uses concrete (e.g., population, exports, ethnicity) and abstract characteristics (e.g., art) to compare people and places
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses concrete characteristics to compare people and places
     2.Uses abstract characteristics to compare people and places
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Compares consumer products on the basis of features, performance, durability, and cost, and considers personal tradeoffs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Compares consumer products on the basis of features
     2.Compares consumer products on the basis of performance
     3.Compares consumer products on the basis of durability
     4.Compares consumer products on the basis of cost
     5.Considers personal tradeoffs when comparing consumer products
   Benchmark 2.Understands that an analogy not only contains some likenesses but also some differences
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that an analogy contains some likenesses
     2.Knows that an analogy contains some differences
   Benchmark 3.Selects criteria or rules for category membership that are relevant and important
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Selects criteria or rules for category membership that are relevant
     2.Selects criteria or rules for category membership that are important
   Benchmark 6.Creates a table to compare specific abstract and concrete features of two items
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Creates a table to compare specific abstract features of two items
     2.Creates a table to compare specific concrete features of two items
   Benchmark 7.Compares different sources of information for the same topic in terms of basic similarities and differences
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Compares different sources of information for the same topic in terms of basic similarities
     2.Compares different sources of information for the same topic in terms of basic differences
   Benchmark 8.Knows how relationships among ideas form the basis for valid analogies
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands valid analogies
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses a comparison table to compare multiple items on multiple abstract characteristics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a comparison table to compare multiple items
     2.Uses a comparison table to compare multiple abstract characteristics