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Topic: Learning and behavior 

Behavioral Studies

 Standard 1.  Understands that group and cultural influences contribute to human development, identity, and behavior
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands that heredity, culture, and personal experience interact in shaping human behavior, and that the relative importance of these influences is not clear in most circumstances
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that heredity affects the shaping of human behavior
     2.Understands that culture affects the shaping of human behavior
     3.Understands that personal experience affects the shaping of human behavior
     4.Understands that heredity, culture, and personal experience interact to shape human behavior
     5.Understands that the relative importance of heredity, culture, and personal experience in shaping human behavior is usually not clear
 Standard 3.  Understands that interactions among learning, inheritance, and physical development affect human behavior
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that people use their senses to find out about their surroundings and themselves and that different senses provide different information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people use their senses to find out about their surroundings and themselves
     2.Knows that different senses provide different information
   Benchmark 2.Understands that sometimes a person can get different information about the same thing by moving closer to it or further away from it
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that sometimes a person can get different information about the something by moving closer to it
     2.Understands that sometimes a person can get different information about the something by moving further away from it
   Benchmark 3.Understands that some of the things people do (e.g., playing soccer, reading, writing) must be deliberately learned
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that playing soccer is an example of a skill that must be deliberately learned
     2.Understands that reading is an example of a skill that must be deliberately learned
     3.Understands that writing is an example of a skill that must be deliberately learned
   Benchmark 4.Understands that practice helps people to improve, and that how well a person learns sometimes depends on how she or he does it as well as how often and how hard she or he tries to learn
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that practice helps people to improve
     2.Understands that how well a person learns sometimes depends on how she or he does it as well as how often she or he tries to learn
     3.Understands that how well a person learns sometimes depends on how she or he does it as well as how hard she or he tries to learn
   Benchmark 5.Knows that people can learn from each other in many ways (e.g., telling and listening, showing and watching, imitating)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that telling and listening is a way that people can learn from others
     2.Knows that showing and watching is a way that people can learn from others
     3.Knows that imitating is a way that people can learn from others
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that human beings have different interests, motivations, skills, and talents
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that human beings have different interests
     2.Knows that human being have different motivations
     3.Knows that human beings have different skills
     4.Knows that human being have different talents
   Benchmark 4.Understands that human beings tend to repeat behaviors that feel good or have pleasant consequences and to avoid behaviors that feel bad or have unpleasant consequences
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that human beings tend to repeat behaviors that feel good or have pleasant consequences
     2.Understands that human beings tend to avoid behaviors that feel bad or have unpleasant consequences
   Benchmark 5.Knows that learning means using what one already knows to make sense out of new experiences or information, not just storing the new information in one's head
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that learning means using what one already knows to make sense out of new experiences or information
     2.Knows that learning is not just storing new information in one’s head
   Benchmark 6.Understands roles as learned behavior patterns in group situations (e.g., student, family member, team member)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of a student as a learned behavior pattern in a group situation
     2.Understands the role of a family member as a learned behavior pattern in a group situation
     3.Understands the role of a team member as a learned behavior pattern in a group situation
   Benchmark 7.Understands that as roles vary depending on expectations and changing conditions (e.g., worker, parent, volunteer, student), behavior, attitudes, and goals change
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that as roles vary depending on expectations and changing conditions behaviors change
     2.Understands that as roles vary depending on expectations and changing conditions attitudes change
     3.Understands that as roles vary depending on expectations and changing conditions goals change
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands that paying attention to any one input of information usually reduces the ability to attend to others at the same time
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that it is difficult to concentrate on two different things at the same time
   Benchmark 6.Understands that learning often results from two perceptions or actions occurring at about the same time, and the more often the same combination occurs, the stronger the mental connection between them is likely to be
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that learning often results from two perceptions or actions occurring at the same time
     2.Understands that the more often the same combination of two perceptions or actions occur, the stronger the mental connection between them is likely to be
   Benchmark 7.Understands that occasionally a single vivid experience will connect two things permanently in people's minds
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that sometimes people‚Äôs minds can connect seemingly unrelated objects or events
     2.Understands that people are more likely to remember vivid experiences
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that differences in the behavior of individuals arise from the interaction of heredity and experience
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that individuals inherit different combinations of genes
     2.Knows that different individuals have different experiences
   Benchmark 5.Understands that the context in which something is learned may limit the contexts in which the learning can be used
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that learning can occur in different contexts
   Benchmark 6.Knows that human thinking involves the interaction of ideas, and ideas about ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that human thinking involve the interaction of ideas
     2.Knows that human thinking involves ideas about ideas
   Benchmark 7.Knows that people can produce many associations internally without receiving information from their senses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some associations that people make occur internally
 Standard 4.  Understands conflict, cooperation, and interdependence among individuals, groups, and institutions
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that rules at home, at school, and in the community let individuals know what to expect and so can reduce the number of disputes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that rules at home let individuals know what to expect
     2.Understands that rules at school let individuals know what to expect
     3.Understands that rules in the community let individuals know what to expect
     4.Understands that rules can reduce the number of disputes