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Topic: Body composition 

Physical Education

 Standard 4.  Understands how to monitor and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 6.Knows how body composition influences physical fitness levels (e.g., proportion of lean body mass to fat body mass)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the proportion of lean body mass to fat body mass determines body composition
     2.Understands that body composition has an effect on one’s physical fitness level
   Benchmark 7.Knows similarities and differences in body height, weight, and shape
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows similarities and differences in body height
     2.Knows similarities and differences in body weight
     3.Knows similarities and differences in body shape
     4.Knows that different people have different body compositions
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the effects of physical activity and nutrition on body composition
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the effects of physical activity on body composition
     2.Knows the effects of nutrition on body composition
   Benchmark 6.Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a standardized physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Meets health-related fitness standards for aerobic capacity at appropriate level
     2.Meets health-related fitness standards for body composition at appropriate level
     3.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular strength at appropriate level
     4.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular endurance at appropriate level
     5.Meets health-related fitness standards for flexibility at appropriate level
   Benchmark 8.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve selected fitness components (e.g., cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve cardiorespiratory endurance
     2.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve muscular strength
     3.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve muscular endurance
     4.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve flexibility
     5.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve body composition
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the role of exercise and other factors in weight control and body composition
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of exercise in weight control
     2.Understands the role of exercise in body composition
     3.Knows other factors that play a role in weight control
     4.Knows other factors that play a role in body composition
   Benchmark 6.Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a standardized physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Meets health-related fitness standards for aerobic capacity at appropriate level
     2.Meets health-related fitness standards for body composition at appropriate level
     3.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular strength at appropriate level
     4.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular endurance at appropriate level
     5.Meets health-related fitness standards for flexibility at appropriate level
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Knows personal status of body composition
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the personal status of one’s body in terms of lean body mass
     2.Knows the personal status of one’s body in terms of body fat
   Benchmark 5.Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Meets health-related fitness standards for aerobic capacity at appropriate level
     2.Meets health-related fitness standards for body composition at appropriate level
     3.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular strength at appropriate level
     4.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular endurance at appropriate level
     5.Meets health-related fitness standards for flexibility at appropriate level
   Benchmark 8.Designs a personal fitness program that is based on the basic principles of training and encompasses all components of fitness (e.g., cardiovascular and respiratory efficiency, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Designs a personal fitness program that is based on the basic principles of training
     2.Designs a personal fitness program that encompasses all the components of fitness
     3.Designs a personal fitness program to improve cardiovascular and respiratory efficiency
     4.Designs a personal fitness program to improve muscular strength and endurance
     5.Designs a personal fitness program to improve flexibility
     6.Designs a personal fitness program to improve body composition