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Topic: Human response and adaptation to the environment 

Geography

 Standard 15.  Understands how physical systems affect human systems
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how humans adapt to variations in the physical environment (e.g., choices of clothing, housing styles, agricultural practices, recreational activities, food, daily and seasonal patterns of life)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their choice in clothing
     2.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their choice in housing styles
     3.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their choice in agricultural practices
     4.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their choice in recreational activities
     5.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their choice in food
     6.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their daily pattern of life
     7.Knows that humans adapt to variations in the physical environment through their seasonal pattern of life
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the ways in which human systems develop in response to conditions in the physical environment (e.g., patterns of land use, economic livelihoods, architectural styles of buildings, building materials, flows of traffic, recreation activities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that patterns of land use develop in response to conditions in the physical environment
     2.Knows that economic livelihoods develop in response to conditions in the physical environment
     3.Knows that architectural styles of buildings develop in response to conditions in the physical environment
     4.Knows that the use of certain building materials develops in response to conditions in the physical environment
     5.Knows that the flow of traffic develops in response to conditions in the physical environment
     6.Knows that recreational activities develop in response to conditions in the physical environment
   Benchmark 2.Knows how the physical environment affects life in different regions (e.g., how people in Siberia, Alaska, and other high-latitude places deal with the characteristics of tundra environments; limitations to coastline settlements as a result of tidal, storm, and erosional processes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how people in high-latitude places deal with the characteristics of tundra environments
     2.Knows how people in Siberia deal with the characteristics of tundra environments
     3.Knows how people in Alaska deal with the characteristics of tundra environments
     4.Knows how coastline settlements are limited as a result of tidal processes
     5.Knows how coastline settlements are limited as a result of storm processes
     6.Knows how coastline settlements are limited as a result of erosional processes
   Benchmark 3.Knows the ways people take aspects of the environment into account when deciding on locations for human activities (e.g., early American industrial development along streams and rivers at the fall line to take advantage of water-generated power)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people take aspect of the environment into account when deciding on locations for human activities
     2.Understands that early American industrial development along streams and rivers at the fall line to take advantage of water-generated power
   Benchmark 6.Knows the ways in which humans prepare for natural hazards (e.g., earthquake preparedness, constructing houses on stilts in flood-prone areas, designation of hurricane shelters and evacuation routes in hurricane-prone areas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands earthquake preparedness
     2.Understands the construction of houses on stilts in flood-prone areas
     3.Understands the designation of hurricane shelters
     4.Understands the designation of evacuation routes in hurricane-prone areas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows how humans overcome "limits to growth" imposed by physical systems (e.g., technology, human adaptation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that humans have used technology to overcome “limits to growth” imposed by physical systems
     2.Knows that human adaptation has allowed for humans to overcome “limits to growth” imposed by physical systems
   Benchmark 4.Understands how people who live in naturally hazardous regions adapt to their environments (e.g., the use of sea walls to protect coastal areas subject to severe storms, the use of earthquake-resistant construction techniques in different regions within the Ring of Fire)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the use of sea walls to protect coastal areas subject to severe storms
     2.Understands the use of earthquake-resistant construction techniques in different regions within the Ring of Fire
   Benchmark 5.Knows factors that affect people's attitudes, perceptions, and responses toward natural hazards (e.g., religious beliefs, socioeconomic status, previous experiences)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows factors that affect people’s attitudes toward natural hazards
     2.Knows factors that affect people’s perceptions of natural hazards
     3.Knows factors that affect people’s responses to natural hazards
     4.Knows that people’s religious beliefs can affect their attitude toward natural hazards
     5.Knows that people’s religious beliefs can affect their perception of natural hazards
     6.Knows that people’s religious beliefs can affect their response to natural hazards
     7.Knows that people’s socioeconomic status can affect their attitude toward natural hazards
     8.Knows that people’s socioeconomic status can affect their perception of natural hazards
     9.Knows that people’s socioeconomic status can affect their response to natural hazards
     10.Knows that people’s previous experience can affect their attitude toward natural hazards
     11.Knows that people’s previous experience can affect their perception of natural hazards
     12.Knows that people’s previous experience can affect their response to natural hazards