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Topic: Group membership 

Behavioral Studies

 Standard 2.  Understands various meanings of social group, general implications of group membership, and different ways that groups function
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that people belong to some groups because they are born into them and to some groups because they join them
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people belong to some groups because they are born into them
     2.Knows that some people belong to some groups because they join them
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 8.Understands that "social group" has many meanings (e.g., any set of people who regularly spend time together for any reason; groups classified according to region or occupation such as Southerners or blue-collar workers; groups that people formally and deliberately join or are assigned to such as sororities, military units, scouts, street gangs, or the Shriners)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a "social group" is any set of people who regularly spend time together for any reason
     2.Knows that "social groups" may be classified according to region or occupation such as Southerners or blue-collar workers
     3.Knows that "social groups" may be groups that people formally and deliberately join such as sororities, military units, scouts, street gangs, or the Shriners
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that affiliation with a group can increase the power of members through pooled resources and concerted action
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that affiliation with a group can increase the power of members
     2.Understands that the power of a group’s members can increase through pooled resources
     3.Understands that the power of a group’s members can increase through concerted action
   Benchmark 2.Understands that joining a group often has personal advantages (e.g., companionship, sense of identity, recognition by others inside and outside the group)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that companionship is often a benefit of joining a group
     2.Understands that a sense of identity is often a benefit of joining a group
     3.Understands that recognition by others inside and outside the group is often a benefit of joining a group
   Benchmark 8.Understands that a large society may be made up of many groups, and these groups may contain many distinctly different subcultures (e.g., associated with region, ethnic origin, social class, interests, values)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a large society may be made up of many groups
     2.Understands that the groups in a large society may contain many distinctly different subcultures
     3.Knows that subculture may be associated with region
     4.Knows that subculture may be associated with ethnic origin
     5.Knows that subculture may be associated with social class
     6.Knows that subculture may be associated with interests
     7.Knows that subculture may be associated with values
 Standard 4.  Understands conflict, cooperation, and interdependence among individuals, groups, and institutions
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that being a member of a group can increase an individual's social power and also can increase hostile actions toward or from other groups or individuals
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that being a member of a group can increase an individual’s social power
     2.Understands that being a member of a group can increase hostile actions toward other groups and individuals
     3.Understands that being a member of a group can increase hostile actions from other groups and individuals