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Topic: Group behavior 

Behavioral Studies

 Standard 1.  Understands that group and cultural influences contribute to human development, identity, and behavior
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that people often choose to do the same kinds of things that their friends do (e.g., dress, talk, act), but that people also often choose to do certain things their own ways
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that people often choose to do the same kinds of things their friends do
     2.Knows that people often choose to dress, talk, and act like their friends
     3.Knows that people often choose to do certain things their own way
 Standard 2.  Understands various meanings of social group, general implications of group membership, and different ways that groups function
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that people often like or dislike other people because of membership in or exclusion from a particular social group
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that people often like or dislike other people because of membership in a particular social group
     2.Understands that people often like or dislike other people because of exclusion from a particular social group
   Benchmark 3.Understands that different groups have different expectations for how their members should act
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that groups expect their members to act a certain way
     2.Knows that different groups have different expectations of their members
   Benchmark 4.Understands that the "rules" for group behaviors and expectations sometimes are written down and strictly enforced or are just understood from example
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that "rules" for group behaviors and expectations sometimes are written down
     2.Understands that "rules" for group behaviors and expectations sometimes are strictly enforced
     3.Understands that "rules" for group behaviors and expectations sometimes are understood from example
   Benchmark 5.Understands that members of a group and even people in a crowd sometimes do and say things, good or bad, that they would not do or say on their own
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that members of a group sometimes do and say things, good or bad, that they would not do or say on their own
     2.Understands that people in a crowd sometimes do and say things, good or bad, that they would not do or say on their own
   Benchmark 6.Understands that different groups, societies, and cultures may have different ways of meeting similar wants and needs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that different groups may have different ways of meeting similar wants and needs
     2.Understands that different societies may have different ways of meeting similar wants and needs
     3.Understands that different cultures may have different ways of meeting similar wants and needs
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands that group identity may create a feeling of superiority, which increases group cohesion, but may also occasion hostility toward and/or from other groups
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that group identity may create a feeling of superiority
     2.Understands that a feeling of group superiority increases group cohesion
     3.Understands that a feeling of group superiority may result in hostility toward another group
     4.Understands that a feeling of group superiority may result in hostility from another group
   Benchmark 4.Understands that people sometimes react to all members of a group as though they were the same and perceive in their behavior only those qualities that fit preconceptions of the group (i.e., stereotyping) which leads to uncritical judgments (e.g., showing blind respect for members of some groups and equally blind disrespect for members of other groups)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that people sometimes react to all members of a group as though they were the same
     2.Understands that people sometimes perceive only those behaviors that fit into their preconceptions of the group
     3.Knows that stereotyping often leads to uncritical judgments
     4.Knows that an example of uncritical judgment is blind respect for members of a group
     5.Knows that an example of uncritical judgment is blind disrespect for members of a group
   Benchmark 5.Understands that a variety of factors (e.g., belief systems, learned behavior patterns) contribute to the ways in which groups respond differently to their physical and social environments and to the wants and needs of their members
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a variety of factors contribute to the ways in which groups respond differently to their physical environments
     2.Understands that a variety of factors contribute to the ways in which groups respond differently to their social environments
     3.Understands that a variety of factors contribute to the ways in which groups respond differently to the wants and needs of their members
     4.Understands that belief systems contribute to the ways in which groups respond differently to their physical and social environments and to the wants and needs of their members
     5.Understands that learned behavior patterns contribute to the ways in which groups respond differently to their physical and social environments and to the wants and needs of their members
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that while a group may act, hold beliefs, and/or present itself as a cohesive whole, individual members may hold widely varying beliefs, so the behavior of a group may not be predictable from an understanding of each of its members
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a group may act, hold beliefs, and/or present itself as a cohesive whole
     2.Understands that individual members of a group may hold widely varying beliefs
     3.Understands that the behavior of a group may not be predictable from an understanding of each of its members
   Benchmark 2.Understands that social organizations may serve business, political, or social purposes beyond those for which they officially exist, including unstated ones such as excluding certain categories of people from activities
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that social organizations may serve business purposes beyond those for which they officially exist
     2.Understands that social organizations may serve political purposes beyond those for which they officially exist
     3.Understands that social organizations may serve social purposes beyond those for which they officially exist
     4.Understands that social organizations may serve unstated purposes such as excluding certain categories of people from activities
   Benchmark 5.Understands that social groups may have patterns of behavior, values, beliefs, and attitudes that can help or hinder cross-cultural understanding
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that social groups may have patterns of behavior that can help cross-cultural understanding
     2.Understands that social groups may have values that can help cross-cultural understanding
     3.Understands that social groups may have beliefs that can help cross-cultural understanding
     4.Understands that social groups may have attitudes that can help cross-cultural understanding
     5.Understands that social groups may have patterns of behavior that can hinder cross-cultural understanding
     6.Understands that social groups may have values that can hinder cross-cultural understanding
     7.Understands that social groups may have beliefs that can hinder cross-cultural understanding
     8.Understands that social groups may have attitudes that can hinder cross-cultural understanding
 Standard 4.  Understands conflict, cooperation, and interdependence among individuals, groups, and institutions
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands that conflict within a group may be reduced by conflict between it and other groups
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that conflicts within groups can be affected by outside events