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Topic: Political controversy over Reconstruction 

United States History

 Standard 15.  Understands how various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands military, political, and social factors affecting the post Civil War period (e.g., the basic provisions of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, and the political and social forces that opposed and supported them, how the lives of African Americans were changed by these amendments; demobilization of the Union and Confederate armies; how the leadership of Presidents Lincoln and Johnson affected reconstruction)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands military factors affecting the post Civil War period
     2.Understands political factors affecting the post Civil War period
     3.Understands social factors affecting the post Civil War period
     4.Understands the basic provisions of the 13th amendment
     5.Understands the basic provisions of the 14th amendment
     6.Understands the basic provisions of the 15th amendment
     7.Understands the political forces that opposed supporting the post Civil War amendments
     8.Understands the social forces that opposed the post Civil War amendments
     9.Understands the political forces that supported the post Civil War amendments
     10.Understands the social forces that supported the post Civil War amendments
     11.Understands how the lives of African Americans were changed by the post Civil War amendments
     12.Knows about demobilization of the Union army
     13.Knows about demobilization of the Confederate army
     14.Understands how the leadership of President Lincoln affected reconstruction
     15.Understands how the leadership of President Johnson affected reconstruction
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the effect of differing Reconstruction policies and how they were perceived (e.g., plans advocated by President Lincoln, Congressional leaders, and President Johnson; the Compromise of 1877; different perspectives on the effectiveness of the Reconstruction amendments)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effect of differing Reconstruction policies
     2.Understands how differing Reconstruction policies were perceived
     3.Understands plans advocated by President Lincoln
     4.Understands plans advocated by Congressional leaders
     5.Understands plans advocated by President Johnson
     6.Knows about the Compromise of 1877
     7.Understands different perspectives on the effectiveness of the Reconstruction amendments
   Benchmark 2.Understands the reasons for and consequences of President Johnson's impeachment and trial (e.g., the escalating conflict between Johnson and Congress, Johnson's resistance to Congressional authority, the Tenure of Office Act )
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the reasons for President Johnson’s impeachment
     2.Understands the consequences of Presidents Johnson’s impeachment
     3.Knows about President Johnson’s impeachment trial
     4.Understands the escalating conflict between President Johnson and Congress
     5.Understands President Johnson’s resistance to Congressional authority
     6.Understands President Johnson’s resistance to Congressional authority
     7.Knows about the Tenure of Office Act
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the elements of different plans for Reconstruction (e.g., how each plan viewed secession, amnesty, pardon, and procedure for readmission to the Union; the influence of the issue of Federalism on the debate over Reconstruction policy; the motives of the Radical Republicans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how each Reconstruction plan viewed secession
     2.Understands how each Reconstruction plan viewed amnesty
     3.Understands how each Reconstruction plan viewed pardon
     4.Understands how each Reconstruction plan viewed procedures for readmission to the Union
     5.Understands the influence of the issue of Federalism on the debate over Reconstruction policy
     6.Understands the motives of the Radical Republicans
   Benchmark 2.Understands the 14th and 15th amendments to the Constitution (e.g., how citizenship was included, why the clauses of "equal protection of the laws" and "due process" were included, why women were excluded in the 15th amendment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the 14th amendment to the Constitution
     2.Understands the 15th amendment to the Constitution
     3.Understands how citizenship was included in the 14th amendment
     4.Understands why the clause "equal protection of the laws" was included in the 14th amendment
     5.Understands why the clause "due process" was included in the 14th amendment
     6.Understands why women were excluded in the 15th amendment
   Benchmark 3.Understands events leading to the formation of the Compromise of 1877 (e.g., the role of violence and tactics of the "redeemers" in bringing about the Compromise, the consequences in the South)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of violence in bringing about the Compromise of 1877
     2.Understands the tactics of the "redeemers" in bringing about the Compromise of 1877
     3.Understands the consequences of the Compromise of 1877 in the South