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Topic: Race relations and the struggle for equal rights after 1870 

United States History

 Standard 17.  Understands massive immigration after 1870 and how new social patterns, conflicts, and ideas of national unity developed amid growing cultural diversity
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the experiences of diverse groups and minorities in different regions of the country (e.g., the experiences of African Americans, Asian Americans, and Hispanic Americans; the anti-Chinese movement in the West; the rise of lynching in the South; the impact of Jim Crow laws on African Americans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the experiences of diverse groups in different regions of the country
     2.Understands the experiences of minorities in different regions of the country
     3.Understands the experiences of African Americans in different regions of the country
     4.Understands the experiences of Asian Americans in different regions of the country
     5.Understands the experiences of Hispanic Americans in different regions of the country
     6.Knows about the anti-Chinese movement in the West
     7.Knows about the rise of lynching in the South
     8.Understands the impact of Jim Crow laws on African Americans
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the scientific theories of race and their application to society and politics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the scientific theories of race
     2.Understands the application of scientific theories of race to society
     3.Understands the application of scientific theories of race to politics
   Benchmark 4.Understands opposition to discrimination in the late 19th century (e.g., how Asian Americans and Hispanic Americans responded to discriminatory practices, leadership roles of those who spoke out against discrimination)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how Asian Americans responded to discriminatory practices in the late 19th century
     2.Understands how Hispanic Americans responded to discriminatory practices in the late 19th century
     3.Understands the leadership roles of those who spoke out against discrimination in the late 19th century
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how scientific theories of race affected society in the late 19th century (e.g., arguments of advocates and opponents, the impact of these theories on public policy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how arguments of advocates for scientific theories of race affected society in the late 19th century
     2.Understands how arguments of opponents for scientific theories of race affected society in the late 19th century
     3.Understands how the impact of scientific theories of race impacted public policy in the late 19th century
   Benchmark 4.Understands the challenges diverse people encountered in late 19th century American society (e.g.,the role of new laws and the federal judiciary in instituting racial inequality; arguments and methods by which various minority groups sought to acquire equal rights and opportunities; experiences of African American families who migrated from the South to New York City in the 1890s)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of new laws in instituting racial inequity in the late 19th century
     2.Understands the role of the federal judiciary in instituting racial inequality in the late 19th century
     3.Understands the arguments by which various minority groups sought to acquire equal rights
     4.Understands the methods by which various minority groups sought to acquire equal rights in the late 19th century
     5.Understands the arguments by which various minority groups sought to acquire equal opportunities in the late 19th century
     6.Understands the methods by which various minority groups sought to acquire equal opportunities in the late 19th century
     7.Understands the experiences of African American families who migrated from the South to New York City in the 1890’s