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Topic: Multinational and international organizations 

World History

 Standard 40.  Understands the search for peace and stability throughout the world in the 1920s and 1930s
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands treaties and other efforts to achieve peace and recovery from World War I (e.g., the conflicting aims and aspirations of the conferees at Versailles, and how the major powers responded to the terms of the settlement; why and how the League of Nations was founded, and its initial goals and limitations; the nations that were and were not invited to participate in the League of Nations; changes made to political boundaries after the peace treaties ending World War I, and which countries were winners or losers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands treaties and other efforts to achieve peace from World War I
     2.Understands treaties and other efforts to achieve recovery from World War I
     3.Understands the conflicting aims of the conferees at Versailles
     4.Understands the conflicting aspirations of the conferees at Versailles
     5.Understands how the major powers responded to the terms of the Versailles settlement
     6.Understands why the League of Nations was founded
     7.Understands how the League of Nations was founded
     8.Understands the League of Nation’s initial goals
     9.Understands the League of Nation’s initial limitations
     10.Knows the nations that were invited to participate in the League of Nations
     11.Knows the nations that were not invited to participate in the League of Nations
     12.Understands changes made to political boundaries after the peace treaties ending World War I, and which countries were winners or losers
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Understands how the treaties ending World War I and the League of Nations addressed different groups of people (e.g., how treaties ending World War I accorded with Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points and the processes by which the treaties were established, the varied reactions of the Chinese to the provisions of the Versailles Peace Treaty, the goals and failures of the "racial equality clause" in the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the groups of people addressed in the treaties ending World War I
     2.Understands the groups of people addressed in the League of Nations
     3.Understands how treaties ending World War I accorded with Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
     4.Understands the process by which the treaties ending Word War I were established
     5.Understands the varied reactions of the Chinese to the provisions of the Versailles Peace Treaty
     6.Understands the goals of the "racial equality clause" in the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations
     7.Understands the failures of the "racial equality clause" in the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations
   Benchmark 10.Understands the conditions of the Hussein-McMahon correspondence and the Sykes-Picot agreement, how they differed from the conditions of the treaties of Versailles and San Remo, and what each party sought to gain from these efforts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the conditions of the Hussein-McMahon correspondence
     2.Understands the conditions of the Sykes-Picot agreement
     3.Understands how the Hussein-McMahon correspondence and the Sykes-Picot agreement differed from the conditions of the treaties of Versailles and San Remo
     4.Understands what each party sought to gain from the Hussein-McMahon correspondence
     5.Understands what each party sought to gain from the Sykes-Picot agreement
 Standard 43.  Understands how post-World War II reconstruction occurred, new international power relations took shape, and colonial empires broke up
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the shift in political and economic conditions after World War II (e.g., why and how the United Nations was established, where it has been active in the world, and how successful it has been as a peacekeeper; the United States' economic position and international leadership post-World War I and post-World War II; aspects of social and political conflict in China in the period following the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the shift in political conditions after World War II
     2.Understands the shift in economic conditions after World War II
     3.Understands why and how the United Nations was established
     4.Knows where the U.N. has been active in the world
     5.Knows how successful the U.N. has been as a peacekeeper
     6.Understands features of the United States’ economic position and international leadership post World War I
     7.Understands the United States’ economic position and international leadership post World War II
     8.Understands aspects of social and political conflict in China in the period following World War II
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Western and Eastern Europe after World War II (e.g., how Western European countries and Japan achieved rapid economic recovery after the war; the impact of the Marshall Plan, the European Economic Community, government planning, and the growth of welfare states upon the political stabilization of Western Europe; the formations of the Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, and which countries have participated in each of these pacts; why Germany and Berlin were divided after the 1948 crisis, and the resulting problems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Western Europe after World War II
     2.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Eastern Europe after World War II
     3.Understands how Western European countries and Japan achieved rapid economic recovery after the war
     4.Understands the impact of the Marshall Plan upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     5.Understands the impact of the European Economic Community upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     6.Understands the impact of government planning upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     7.Understands the impact of the growth of welfare states upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
     8.Understands the formation of the Warsaw Pact after the war, including which countries have participated in it
     9.Understands the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, including which countries have participated in it
     10.Understands why Germany and Berlin were divided after the 1948 crisis, and the resulting problems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands reasons for the division of the Indian subcontinent (e.g., events that led to the dispute over Kashmir and the resulting partition of the Indian subcontinent, and the role of the United Nations in the mediation of the dispute; how the withdrawal of the British and the division between Muslims and Hindus affected the division of the Indian subcontinent into two nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows events that led to the dispute over Kashmir and the resulting partition of the Indian subcontinent
     2.Knows the role of the United Nations in the mediation of the dispute over Kashmir
 Standard 44.  Understands the search for community, stability, and peace in an interdependent world
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands efforts to improve political and social conditions around the world (e.g., the progress of human and civil rights around the globe since the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights; how the apartheid system was dismantled in South Africa and the black majority won voting rights; the progress made since the 1970s in resolving conflict between Israel and neighboring states)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands efforts to improve political conditions around the world in the 20th century
     2.Understands efforts to improve social conditions around the world in the 20th century
     3.Understands the progress of human and civil rights around the globe since the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights
     4.Understands how the apartheid system was dismantled in South Africa and the black majority won voting rights
     5.Understands the progress made since the 1970s in resolving conflict between Israel and neighboring states
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands rates of economic development and the emergence of different economic systems around the globe (e.g., systems of economic management in communist and capitalist countries, as well as the global impact of multinational corporations; the impact of black markets, speculation, and trade in illegal products on national and global markets; patterns of inward, outward, and internal migration in the Middle East and North Africa, types of jobs involved, and the impact of the patterns upon national economies; the rapid economic development of East Asian countries in the late 20th century, and the relatively slow development of Sub-Saharan African countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands rates of economic development around the globe
     2.Understands the emergence of different economic systems around the globe
     3.Knows systems of economic management in communist and capitalist countries
     4.Understands the global impact of multinational corporations
     5.Understands the impact of black markets, speculation, and trade in illegal products on national and global markets
     6.Understands patterns of inward, outward, and internal migration in the Middle East and North Africa, types of jobs involved, and the impact of the patterns upon national economies
     7.Understands the rapid economic development of East Asian countries in the late 20th century
     8.Understands the relatively slow economic development of Sub Saharan African countries in the late 20th century
   Benchmark 10.Understands the effectiveness of United Nations programs (e.g., improvements in health and welfare, whether UN programs have been cost-effective, whether programs fulfilled the purpose for which they were created, reasons for economic and arms embargoes sponsored by U.N. resolutions and the political and economic consequences for the sanctioned countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effectiveness of United Nations programs in making improvements in health and welfare
     2.Understands whether UN programs have been cost effective
     3.Understands whether U.N. programs fulfilled the purpose for which they were created
     4.Knows reasons for economic and arms embargoes sponsored by U.N. resolutions and the political and economic consequences for the sanctioned countries
   Benchmark 13.Understands how global political change has altered the world economy (e.g., what participation in the world economy can mean for different countries; the relationship between demands for democratic reform and the trend toward privatization and economic liberalization in developing economies and former communist states, and how multilateral aid organizations and multinational corporations have supported or challenged these trends)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what participation in the world economy can mean for different countries
     2.Understands the relationship between demands for democratic reform and the trend toward privatization and economic liberalization in developing economies and former communist states

United States History

 Standard 25.  Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the legacy of World War II (e.g., the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan during World War II, how military experiences fostered American identity and cross-cultural interaction, the purpose and organization of the United Nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Understands the purpose of the United Nations
     5.Understands the organization of the United Nations