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Topic: Multinational and international organizations 

United States History

 Standard 25.  Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the legacy of World War II (e.g., the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan during World War II, how military experiences fostered American identity and cross-cultural interaction, the purpose and organization of the United Nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan during World War II
     2.Understands how military experiences fostered American identity
     3.Understands how military experiences fostered cross-cultural interaction
     4.Understands the purpose of the United Nations
     5.Understands the organization of the United Nations
 Standard 27.  Understands how the Cold War and conflicts in Korea and Vietnam influenced domestic and international politics
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands influences on international relations after World War II (e.g., the "flawed peace" resulting from World War II, the effectiveness of the United Nations in reducing international tensions and conflict)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about the "flawed peace" resulting from World War II

World History

 Standard 40.  Understands the search for peace and stability throughout the world in the 1920s and 1930s
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands treaties and other efforts to achieve peace and recovery from World War I (e.g., the conflicting aims and aspirations of the conferees at Versailles, and how the major powers responded to the terms of the settlement; why and how the League of Nations was founded, and its initial goals and limitations; the nations that were and were not invited to participate in the League of Nations; changes made to political boundaries after the peace treaties ending World War I, and which countries were winners or losers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands treaties and other efforts to achieve recovery from World War I
     6.Understands why the League of Nations was founded
     7.Understands how the League of Nations was founded
     8.Understands the League of Nation’s initial goals
     9.Understands the League of Nation’s initial limitations
     10.Knows the nations that were invited to participate in the League of Nations
     11.Knows the nations that were not invited to participate in the League of Nations
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Understands how the treaties ending World War I and the League of Nations addressed different groups of people (e.g., how treaties ending World War I accorded with Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points and the processes by which the treaties were established, the varied reactions of the Chinese to the provisions of the Versailles Peace Treaty, the goals and failures of the "racial equality clause" in the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands the groups of people addressed in the League of Nations
     3.Understands how treaties ending World War I accorded with Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
     6.Understands the goals of the "racial equality clause" in the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations
     7.Understands the failures of the "racial equality clause" in the preamble to the Covenant of the League of Nations
   Benchmark 10.Understands the conditions of the Hussein-McMahon correspondence and the Sykes-Picot agreement, how they differed from the conditions of the treaties of Versailles and San Remo, and what each party sought to gain from these efforts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands how the Hussein-McMahon correspondence and the Sykes-Picot agreement differed from the conditions of the treaties of Versailles and San Remo
 Standard 43.  Understands how post-World War II reconstruction occurred, new international power relations took shape, and colonial empires broke up
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the shift in political and economic conditions after World War II (e.g., why and how the United Nations was established, where it has been active in the world, and how successful it has been as a peacekeeper; the United States' economic position and international leadership post-World War I and post-World War II; aspects of social and political conflict in China in the period following the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands why and how the United Nations was established
     4.Knows where the U.N. has been active in the world
     5.Knows how successful the U.N. has been as a peacekeeper
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Western and Eastern Europe after World War II (e.g., how Western European countries and Japan achieved rapid economic recovery after the war; the impact of the Marshall Plan, the European Economic Community, government planning, and the growth of welfare states upon the political stabilization of Western Europe; the formations of the Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, and which countries have participated in each of these pacts; why Germany and Berlin were divided after the 1948 crisis, and the resulting problems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     8.Understands the formation of the Warsaw Pact after the war, including which countries have participated in it
     9.Understands the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, including which countries have participated in it
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands reasons for the division of the Indian subcontinent (e.g., events that led to the dispute over Kashmir and the resulting partition of the Indian subcontinent, and the role of the United Nations in the mediation of the dispute; how the withdrawal of the British and the division between Muslims and Hindus affected the division of the Indian subcontinent into two nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows the role of the United Nations in the mediation of the dispute over Kashmir
 Standard 44.  Understands the search for community, stability, and peace in an interdependent world
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands efforts to improve political and social conditions around the world (e.g., the progress of human and civil rights around the globe since the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights; how the apartheid system was dismantled in South Africa and the black majority won voting rights; the progress made since the 1970s in resolving conflict between Israel and neighboring states)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands the progress of human and civil rights around the globe since the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands rates of economic development and the emergence of different economic systems around the globe (e.g., systems of economic management in communist and capitalist countries, as well as the global impact of multinational corporations; the impact of black markets, speculation, and trade in illegal products on national and global markets; patterns of inward, outward, and internal migration in the Middle East and North Africa, types of jobs involved, and the impact of the patterns upon national economies; the rapid economic development of East Asian countries in the late 20th century, and the relatively slow development of Sub-Saharan African countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Understands the global impact of multinational corporations
   Benchmark 10.Understands the effectiveness of United Nations programs (e.g., improvements in health and welfare, whether UN programs have been cost-effective, whether programs fulfilled the purpose for which they were created, reasons for economic and arms embargoes sponsored by U.N. resolutions and the political and economic consequences for the sanctioned countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effectiveness of United Nations programs in making improvements in health and welfare
     2.Understands whether UN programs have been cost effective
     3.Understands whether U.N. programs fulfilled the purpose for which they were created
     4.Knows reasons for economic and arms embargoes sponsored by U.N. resolutions and the political and economic consequences for the sanctioned countries
   Benchmark 13.Understands how global political change has altered the world economy (e.g., what participation in the world economy can mean for different countries; the relationship between demands for democratic reform and the trend toward privatization and economic liberalization in developing economies and former communist states, and how multilateral aid organizations and multinational corporations have supported or challenged these trends)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands how multilateral aid organizations and multinational corporations have supported or challenged trends toward privatization and economic liberalization in developing economies