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Topic: International background of World War II 

United States History

 Standard 25.  Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands events leading to U.S. involvement in World War II (e.g., reasons for American isolationist sentiment and its effects on international relations and diplomacy; American responses to German, Italian, and Japanese aggression in Europe, Africa, and Asia from 1935 to 1941, global involvement of nations and people before World War II; the location of Pearl Harbor and events that brought the U.S. into the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands reasons for American isolationist sentiment prior to World War II
     2.Understands the effects of American isolationist sentiment on international relations prior to World War II
     3.Understands the effects of American isolationist sentiment on international diplomacy prior to World War II
     4.Understands American responses to German aggression in Europe from 1935 to 1941
     5.Understands American responses to Italian aggression in Africa from 1935 to 1941
     6.Understands American responses to Japanese aggression in Asia from 1935 to 1941
     7.Understands the global involvement of nations before World War II
     8.Understands the global involvement of people before World War II
     9.Knows the location of Pearl Harbor
     10.Understands the events that brought the U.S. into the war
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the development of new political thinking and forms of government in Europe between World War I and World War II (e.g., the rise of fascism, national socialism, and communism)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the development of new political thinking in Europe between World War I and World War II
     2.Understands the development of new political forms of government in Europe between World War I and World War II
     3.Understands the rise of fascism in Europe between World War I and World War II
     4.Understands the rise of national socialism in Europe between World War I and World War II
     5.Understands the rise of communism in Europe between World War I and World War II
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the outcome of World War I contributed to the outbreak of World War II (e.g., lack of support for the League of Nations, the breakdown of the Versailles settlement in the 1930s)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the lack of support for the League of Nations
     2.Understands the breakdown of the Versailles settlement in the 1930s
   Benchmark 3.Understands U.S. international relations prior to its entrance into World War II (e.g., the events that caused growing tensions between the U.S. and Japan, the bombing of Pearl Harbor)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the events that caused growing tensions between the U.S. and Japan prior to U.S. entrance into World War II
     2.Knows about the bombing of Pearl Harbor
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the influence of international events on U.S. policies and political developments (e.g., Roosevelt’s foreign policy toward Latin America and the reasons for the Good Neighbor Policy; the effect of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of 1939 on the U.S. Communist Party)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands Roosevelt’s foreign policy toward Latin America
     2.Understands the Good Neighbor Policy
     3.Understands the effect of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of 1939 on the U.S. Community Party
   Benchmark 2.Understands events that led to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (e.g., why Japan set up the East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, U.S. reasons for cutting off oil to Japan, U.S. response to the November 10 proposal from Japan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why Japan set up the East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere
     2.Understands U.S. reasons for cutting off oil to Japan
     3.Understands U.S. response to the November 10 proposal from Japan