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Topic: Government and the economy 

United States History

 Standard 16.  Understands how the rise of corporations, heavy industry, and mechanized farming transformed American society
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands influences on business and industry in the 19th century (e.g., how business leaders attempted to limit competition and maximize profits, the role of the government in promoting business, the concept of the "American Dream")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands influences on business in the 19th century
     2.Understands influences on industry in the 19th century
     3.Understands how business leaders attempted to limit competition in the 19th century
     4.Understands how business leaders attempted to maximize profit in the 19th century
     5.Understands the role of the government in promoting business in the 19th century

World History

 Standard 38.  Understands reform, revolution, and social change in the world economy of the early 20th century
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the diverse factors that contributed to the industrialization of various countries (e.g., how entrepreneurs, scientists, technicians, and urban workers in Asia, Africa, and Latin America participated in world trade and industrialization; how changes in land ownership policy, new technology, and government subsidies encouraged industrial development in Japan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands how changes in land ownership policy, new technology, and government subsidies encouraged industrial development in Japan
   Benchmark 2.Understands why European colonial territories and Latin American countries continued to maintain largely agricultural and mining economies in the early 20th century (e.g., restrictive policies of the European countries regarding industrialization in the colonies)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands why Latin American countries continued to maintain largely agricultural and mining economies in the early 20th century
     3.Knows restrictive policies of the European countries regarding industrialization in the colonies
 Standard 43.  Understands how post-World War II reconstruction occurred, new international power relations took shape, and colonial empires broke up
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands factors that brought about the political and economic transformation of Western and Eastern Europe after World War II (e.g., how Western European countries and Japan achieved rapid economic recovery after the war; the impact of the Marshall Plan, the European Economic Community, government planning, and the growth of welfare states upon the political stabilization of Western Europe; the formations of the Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization after the war, and which countries have participated in each of these pacts; why Germany and Berlin were divided after the 1948 crisis, and the resulting problems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     6.Understands the impact of government planning upon the political stabilization of Western Europe
   Benchmark 3.Understands the rise of the Communist Party in China between 1936 and 1949, the factors leading to Mao's programs (e.g., the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution) and their results (e.g., effects on economic development, human suffering)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     5.Understands the effects of Mao’s programs on economic development