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Topic: Foreign policies in the late 20th century United States 

United States History

 Standard 30.  Understands developments in foreign policy and domestic politics between the Nixon and Clinton presidencies
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the events that influenced U.S. foreign policy from the Carter to the G.Bush administrations (e.g., Reagan’s efforts to reassert American military power and rebuild American prestige; crisis areas around the world and some of the major peace initiatives made during the Carter administration; geographic changes after the fall of the U.S.S.R. and communist states in eastern Europe; places in the Middle East, Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia where U.S. advisers and military forces were involved during the Reagan and Bush years)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the events that influenced U.S. foreign policy during the Carter administration
     2.Knows the events that influenced U.S. foreign policy during the Reagan administration
     3.Knows the events that influenced U.S. foreign policy during the Bush administration
     4.Knows how Reagan tried to reassert American military power and rebuild American prestige
     5.Knows the crisis areas in the world during the Carter administration
     6.Knows the peace initiatives made during the Carter administration
     7.Knows geographic changes that occurred after the fall of the U.S.S.R. and communist states in Eastern Europe
     8.Knows places in the Middle East, Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia where U.S. advisers and military forces were involved during the Reagan years
     9.Knows places in the Middle East, Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia where U.S. advisers and military forces were involved during the Bush years
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands major foreign policy events and how they influenced public opinion of the administrations from Nixon to Clinton (e.g., U.S. policies toward arms limitations; Nixon’s policy of detente with the U.S.S.R. and the People’s Republic of China; reasons for the collapse of communist governments in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R; President Carter’s role in the Camp David Accords; the Iranian hostage crisis; the foreign policy of the Reagan administration and domestic and foreign reactions to it; foreign policy goals of the G.Bush and Clinton administrations and their effectiveness)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major foreign policy events in the Nixon administration
     2.Knows major foreign policy events in the Ford administration
     3.Knows major foreign policy events in the Carter administration
     4.Knows major foreign policy events in the Reagan administration
     5.Knows major foreign policy events in the Bush administration
     6.Knows major foreign policy events in the Clinton administration
     7.Knows how major foreign policy events influenced public opinion of the Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations
     8.Knows U.S. policies toward arms limitations from the Nixon through Clinton administrations
     9.Knows about Nixon’s policy of detente with the U.S.S.R. and the People’s Republic of China
     10.Knows the reasons for the collapse of communist governments in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R
     11.Knows President Carter’s role in the Camp David Accords
     12.Knows about the Iranian hostage crisis
     13.Knows about domestic reactions to the Reagan administration’s foreign policy
     14.Knows about foreign reactions to the Reagan administration’s foreign policy
     15.Knows the foreign policy goals of the Bush administration, and their effectiveness
     16.Knows the foreign policy goals of the Clinton administration, and their effectiveness
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the impact of the Reagan presidency on relations with other countries (e.g., the issues raised in the Iran-Contra affair, Reagan’s view of the Soviet Union as an "evil empire" and how that shaped defense policy, the Reagan administration’s policy toward South Africa)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the Reagan presidency impacted relations with other countries
     2.Knows the issues of the Iran-Contra affair
     3.Knows about Reagan’s view of the Soviet Union as an “evil empire”
     4.Knows how Reagan’s view of the Soviet Union shaped defense policy
     5.Knows the Reagan administration’s policy toward South Africa
   Benchmark 5.Understands the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events from Nixon to Clinton (e.g., the U.S.’s role in the evolving political struggles in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America; foreign policy in the post-Cold War era; U.S. goals and objectives in the Middle East; the pros and cons of U.S. intervention in the Persian Gulf under Reagan and G.Bush; how human rights has been used in American foreign policy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events during the Nixon years
     2.Knows the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events during the Ford years
     3.Knows the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events during the Carter years
     4.Knows the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events during the Reagan years
     5.Knows the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events during the Bush years
     6.Knows the influence of U.S. foreign policy on international events during the Clinton years
     7.Knows the U.S.’s role in the evolving political struggles in the Middle East
     8.Knows the U.S.’s role in the evolving political struggles in Africa
     9.Knows the U.S.’s role in the evolving political struggles in Asia
     10.Knows the U.S.’s role in the evolving political struggles in Latin America
     11.Knows about U.S. foreign policy in the post-Cold War era
     12.Knows U.S. goals and objectives in the Middle East
     13.Knows the pros and cons of U.S. intervention in the Persian Gulf under Reagan
     14.Knows the pros and cons of U.S. intervention in the Persian Gulf under Bush

Civics

 Standard 16.  Understands the major responsibilities of the national government for domestic and foreign policy, and understands how government is financed through taxation
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how and why foreign policies affect the lives of American citizens, and knows historical and contemporary examples of important foreign policies (e.g., Monroe Doctrine, Marshall Plan, immigration acts, arms control, promoting democracy and human rights throughout the world)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how foreign policies affect the lives of American citizens
     2.Understands why foreign policies affect the lives of American citizens
     4.Knows contemporary examples of important foreign policies
     6.Understands the Marshall Plan
     7.Understands the immigration acts
     8.Understands arms control policies
     9.Understands the policy of promoting democracy and human rights throughout the world
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how specific foreign policies such as national security and trade policy affect the everyday lives of American citizens and their communities
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how national security policies affect the everyday lives of American citizens and their communities
     2.Understands how trade policies affect the everyday lives of American citizens and their communities
   Benchmark 2.Understands competing arguments concerning the role of government in major areas of domestic and foreign policy (e.g., health care, education, child care, regulation of business and industry, foreign aid, intervention abroad)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands competing arguments concerning the role of government in major areas of foreign policy
     7.Understands competing arguments concerning the role of government in foreign aid
     8.Understands competing arguments concerning the role of government in interventions abroad