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Topic: Effects of the environment 

United States History

 Standard 1.  Understands the characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the geographic characteristics of Western and Central Africa and understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade (e.g., in political kingdoms such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin; in urban centers such as Timbuktu and Jenne)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the geographic characteristics of Western Africa circa 1492
     2.Knows the geographic characteristics of Central Africa circa 1492
     3.Understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns in Western and Central Africa circa 1492
     4.Understands the impact of geography on trade patterns in Western and Central Africa circa 1492
     5.Understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade in political kingdoms in Western and Central Africa, such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin, circa 1492
     6.Understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade in urban centers in Western and Central Africa, such as Timbuktu and Jenne, circa 1492
   Benchmark 6.Understands the economic, social, and cultural influence of location and physical geography on different Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the economic influence of location and physical geography on various Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
     2.Understands the social influence of location and physical geography on various Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
     3.Understands the cultural influence of location and physical geography on various Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)
   Benchmark 8.Knows legends of pre-Columbus explorations and understands how they may have contributed to the age of exploration and settlement in the Americas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different legends of Pre-Columbus explorations
     2.Understands how legends of pre-Columbus explorations contributed to the Age of Exploration
     3.Understands how legends of pre-Columbus explorations contributed to settlement in the Americas
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the scientific and technological factors (e.g., navigational knowledge, advances in shipbuilding) that contributed to the age of exploration and settlement in the Americas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a variety of scientific factors that led to the Age of Exploration in the Americas
     2.Knows a variety of technological factors that led to the Age of Exploration in the Americas
     3.Understands types of navigational knowledge that were factors that contributed to the Age of Exploration
     4.Knows general advances in shipbuilding that were factors that contributed to the Age of Exploration
 Standard 3.  Understands why the Americas attracted Europeans, why they brought enslaved Africans to their colonies and how Europeans struggled for control of North America and the Caribbean
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the cultural and environmental impacts of European settlement in North America (e.g., friendly and conflictory relations between English, French, Spanish, and Dutch settlers and Native Americans; how various Native American societies changed as a result of the expanding European settlements and how they influenced European societies; the impact of the fur trade on the environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows of friendly relations between English, French, Spanish, and Dutch settlers and Native Americans
     2.Knows of conflictory relations between English, French, Spanish, and Dutch settlers and Native Americans
     3.Understands how various Native American societies changed as a result of expanding European settlements
     4.Understands how various Native American societies influenced European societies
     5.Understands the impact of the fur trade on the environment