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Topic: Safety and injury prevention 

Engineering Education

 Standard 10.  Uses skills and techniques related to building, maintaining, and repairing structures
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 11.Understands the use of slings and common rigging hardware, inspection techniques and rejection criteria used for slings and common rigging hardware, basic hitch configurations and their proper connections, and basic load-handling safety practices
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the use of slings
     2.Understands the use of common rigging hardware
     3.Understands the inspection techniques used for slings
     4.Understands inspection techniques and rejection criteria used for slings
     5.Understands inspection techniques and rejection criteria used for common rigging hardware
     6.Understands basic hitch configurations
     7.Understands basic hitch proper connections
     8.Understands basic load-handling safety practices
 Standard 14.  Uses the design process to solve problems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands the importance of safety, cost, ease of use, and availability when selecting tools
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of safety when selecting tools
     2.Understands the importance of cost when selecting tools
     3.Understands the importance of ease of use when selecting tools
     4.Understands the importance of availability when selecting tools
 Standard 20.  Knows how to reduce risks and hazards in the workplace
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses safety precautions in the workplace (e.g., wears eye and ear protection devices and proper clothing; knows the location of eye washes and safety showers; uses appropriate personal protective equipment and respiratory protection; uses protective guards on machinery)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses eye protection devices
     2.Uses ear protection devices
     3.Uses proper clothing
     4.Knows where eye washes and safety showers are located
     5.Uses appropriate personal protective equipment
     6.Uses appropriate personal respiratory protection
     7.Uses protective guards on machinery
   Benchmark 2.Knows safety procedures associated with handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials and hazardous waste (e.g., methods for proper handling and control; safe handling procedures for chemical containers; safe chemical-handling procedures including bonding, fire control, and ventilation; segregation and storage of incompatible materials and wastes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that there are safety procedures associated with handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials and hazardous waste
     2.Knows methods for proper handling and control of hazardous materials
     3.Knows methods for proper handling and control of hazardous waste
     4.Knows safe handling procedures for chemical containers
     5.Knows safe chemical-handling procedures including bonding
     6.Knows safe chemical-handling procedures including fire control
     7.Knows safe chemical-handling procedures including ventilation
     8.Knows segregation and storage of incompatible materials and wastes
   Benchmark 3.Knows different types of chemical, biological, and physical hazards
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different types of chemical hazards
     2.Knows different types of biological hazards
     3.Knows different types of physical hazards
   Benchmark 4.Knows ways to maintain a safe environment in the workplace (e.g. correctly placing fire extinguishers; keeping records of accidents; ventilate work areas; inspecting for safety hazards; inspecting material, equipment, and fixtures for defects; complying with shop and equipment safety rules; correcting safety hazards; reporting malfunctions and equipment failures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that correctly placing fire extinguishers is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     2.Knows that keeping records of accidents is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     3.Knows that ventilating work areas is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     4.Knows that inspecting for safety hazards is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     5.Knows that inspecting material, equipment, and fixtures for defects is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     6.Knows that correcting safety hazards is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     7.Knows that reporting malfunctions and equipment failures is a way to maintain a safe workplace
     8.Knows that complying with shop and equipment safety rules is a way to maintain a safe workplace
   Benchmark 5.Understands the importance of developing a positive attitude towards safety
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of safety in the workplace environment
   Benchmark 6.Understands the concept of ergonomics and its role in the workplace (e.g., the importance of ergonomics in the manufacturing process; safe ergonomic controls and procedures; ergonomics of the workstation; the role of ergonomics in preventing workplace injury)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of ergonomics
     2.Understands the role of ergonomics in the workplace
     3.Understands the importance of ergonomics in the manufacturing process
     4.Understands safe ergonomic controls and procedures
     5.Understands the ergonomics of the workstation
     6.Understands the role of ergonomics in preventing workplace injury
   Benchmark 7.Understands ways in which to be responsible for personal health and safety and that of others in the workplace (e.g., personal hygiene and cleanliness; complying with safety and health rules; knowing industrial safety standards)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands personal hygiene and cleanliness
     2.Understands safety and health rules
     3.Understands industrial safety standards
   Benchmark 8.Understands the importance of maintaining a clean work area (e.g., scrap stock is kept in scrap boxes; materials are stored in an orderly fashion; waste containers are emptied regularly; dangerous materials are stored in metal cabinets)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why it is important to maintain a clean work area
     2.Understands the importance of keeping scrap stock in scrap boxes
     3.Understands the importance of storing materials in an orderly fashion
     4.Understands the importance of emptying waste containers regularly
     5.Understands the importance of storing dangerous materials in metal cabinets
   Benchmark 9.Understands the importance of implementing a substance abuse policy in the workplace
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands workplace substance abuse policies
     2.Understands how substance abuse policies in the workplace contribute to safety
 Standard 21.  Knows appropriate response to an emergency
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the locations of safety equipment and devices in the workplace (e.g., maps and floor plans that indicate locations of cutoff switches, fire equipment, light controls, emergency exits, eye wash stations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the locations of maps and floor plans that indicate locations of cutoff switches
     2.Knows the locations of fire equipment
     3.Knows the locations of emergency exits
     4.Knows the locations of light controls
     5.Knows the locations of eye wash stations
 Standard 22.  Knows appropriate organizational and regulatory guidelines for work areas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows safety practices for the operation and maintenance of tools, equipment, and machinery used in engineering, technology, and industry (e.g., safety procedures for the use of power tools, hand tools, and machines; how to receive, inspect, and properly store equipment, materials, and supplies; proper uses of fixtures, vices, rotary devices, chucks, and hold-down clamps in machine tool operation; knows weight and operating limits of equipment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that there are safety practices for the operation and maintenance of tools, equipment, and machinery used in engineering, technology, and industry
     2.Knows safety procedures for the use of power tools
     3.Knows how to receive equipment, materials, and supplies
     4.Knows how to inspect equipment, materials, and supplies
     5.Knows how to properly store equipment, materials, and supplies
     6.Knows weight and operating limits of equipment
     7.Knows proper uses of fixtures in machine tool operation
     8.Knows proper uses of vices in machine tool operation
     9.Knows proper uses of rotary devices in machine tool operation
     10.Knows proper uses of chucks in machine tool operation
     11.Knows proper uses of hold-down clamps in machine tool operation
   Benchmark 3.Knows how to interpret a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and understand the importance of keeping current MSDSs in the workplace
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to interpret an Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
     2.Knows the importance of keeping current Material Safety Data Sheets in the workplace
   Benchmark 6.Knows regulatory standards and guidance relative to worker safety (e.g., blood borne pathogens, confined space, fire safety, hearing conservation, lockouts and tagouts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows regulatory standards and guidance relative to blood borne pathogens
     2.Knows regulatory standards and guidance relative to confined spaces
     3.Knows regulatory standards and guidance relative to fire safety
     4.Knows regulatory standards and guidance relative to hearing conservation

Health

 Standard 5.  Knows essential concepts and practices concerning injury prevention and safety
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows rules for traffic and pedestrian safety (e.g., crossing the street safely, safety around vehicles)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the basic rules of traffic safety
     2.Knows the basic rules of pedestrian safety
     3.Knows strategies to cross the street safely
     4.Knows safe behaviors around vehicles
   Benchmark 2.Knows safe behaviors in the classroom (e.g., walks indoors) and on the playground (e.g., participates safely in activities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows safe behaviors in the classroom
     2.Knows safe behaviors on the playground
   Benchmark 3.Knows potentially dangerous substances and objects (e.g., medicine, poison, broken glass, matches)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some substances are potentially dangerous
     2.Knows that some objects are potentially dangerous
     3.Recognizes medicine as a potentially dangerous substance
     4.Recognizes poison as a dangerous substance
     5.Recognizes broken glass as a potentially dangerous object
     6.Recognizes matches as a potentially dangerous object
   Benchmark 4.Knows safe behaviors around strangers (e.g., do not get in cars or take treats from strangers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows what a stranger is
     2.Knows not to get into cars with strangers
     3.Knows not to take treats from strangers
   Benchmark 6.Knows the safe and proper use of classroom materials
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to use classroom materials safely
     2.Knows what classroom materials should and should not be used for
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows basic fire, traffic, water, and recreation safety practices
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows basic fire safety practices
     2.Knows basic traffic safety practices
     3.Knows basic water safety practices
     4.Knows basic recreation safety practices
   Benchmark 2.Knows precautions that should be taken in special conditions (e.g., bad weather, Halloween, darkness, staying home alone, being approached by strangers, avoiding conflicts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows precautions that should be taken in bad weather
     2.Knows precautions that should be taken on Halloween
     3.Knows precautions that should be taken after dark
     4.Knows precautions that should be taken when staying home alone
     5.Knows precautions that should be taken if approached by a stranger
     6.Knows precautions that should be taken when avoiding conflict
   Benchmark 4.Knows ways to seek assistance if worried, abused, or threatened (e.g., physically, emotionally, sexually)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways to seek assistance if worried
     2.Knows ways to seek assistance if abused
     3.Knows ways to seek assistance if threatened
     4.Knows way to seek assistance if emotionally worried
     5.Knows way to seek assistance if emotionally abused
     6.Knows ways to seek assistance if worried about a physical situation
     7.Knows ways to seek assistance if physically abused
     8.Knows ways to seek assistance if physically threatened
     9.Knows ways to seek assistance if worried about a sexual situation
     10.Knows ways to seek assistance if sexually abused
     11.Knows ways to seek assistance if sexually threatened
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows safety rules and practices to be used in home, school, and community settings (e.g., using a seat belt or helmet, protecting ears from exposure to excessive noise, wearing appropriate clothing and protective equipment for sports, using sunscreen or a hat in bright sunlight)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows safety rules to be used in the home
     2.Knows safety rules to be used in the school
     3.Knows safety rules to be used in community settings
     4.Knows safety practices to be used in the home
     5.Knows safety practices to be used in the school
     6.Knows safety practices to be used in community settings
     7.Understands the importance of using a seat belt
     8.Understands the importance of using a helmet
     9.Understands the importance of protecting ears form exposure to excessive noise
     10.Understands the importance of wearing appropriate clothing for sports
     11.Understands the importance of wearing protective equipment for sports
     12.Understands the importance of using sunscreen in bright sunlight
     13.Understands the importance of wearing a hat in bright sunlight
   Benchmark 2.Knows methods used to recognize and avoid threatening situations (e.g., not leaning into a car when giving directions to a stranger) and ways to get assistance
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows methods used to recognize a threatening situation
     2.Knows strategies to avoid a threatening situation
     3.Knows ways to get assistance in a threatening situation
     4.Knows that not leaning into a car when giving directions to a stranger is a way to avoid a threatening situation
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows injury prevention strategies for family health (e.g., having a personal and family emergency plan, including maintaining supplies in readiness for emergencies; identifying and removing safety hazards in the home)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of having a personal emergency plan to prevent injury
     2.Understands the importance of having a family emergency plan to prevent injury
     3.Understands the importance of maintaining supplies in readiness for emergencies to prevent injury
     4.Understands the importance of identifying and removing safety hazards in the home to prevent injury
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows injury prevention strategies for community health (e.g., neighborhood safety, traffic safety, safe driving)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows neighborhood safety strategies that prevent injury, thereby enhancing community health
     2.Knows traffic safety strategies that prevent injury, thereby enhancing community health
     3.Knows safe driving strategies that prevent injury, thereby enhancing community health
   Benchmark 4.Knows how refusal, negotiation, and collaboration skills can be used to avoid potentially harmful situations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how refusal skills can be used to avoid potentially harmful situations
     2.Knows how negotiation skills can be used to avoid potentially harmful situations
     3.Knows how collaboration skills can be used to avoid potentially harmful situations
 Standard 6.  Understands essential concepts about nutrition and diet
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the principles of food safety involved with food storage and preparation (e.g., proper refrigeration, hand washing, proper cooking and storage temperatures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the principles of food safety involved with food storage
     2.Knows the principles of food safety involved with food preparation
     3.Knows that proper refrigeration is a principle of food safety
     4.Knows that hand washing is a principle of food safety
     5.Knows that proper cooking temperatures is a principle of food safety
     6.Knows that proper storage temperatures is a principle of food safety

Health Education

 Standard 11.  Knows health risk factors and techniques to manage and reduce those risks
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how to make positive health decisions related to injury, tobacco, nutrition, physical activity, sexuality, and alcohol and other drugs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to make positive health decisions related to personal injury