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Topic: Differences between the North and South prior to the Civil War 

United States History

 Standard 13.  Understands the causes of the Civil War
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Knows the locations of the southern and northern states and their economic resources (e.g., the industries and small family farms of the industrial North, the agricultural economy and slavery of the South)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the locations of the southern states
     2.Knows the locations of the northern states
     3.Understands the economic resources of the southern states
     4.Understands the economic resources of the northern states
     5.Knows about the industries of the industrial North
     6.Knows about the family farms of the industrial North
     7.Knows about the agricultural economy of the South
     8.Understands the slavery of the South
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the economic, social, and cultural differences between the North and South (e.g., how the free labor system of the North differed from that of the South)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the economic differences between the North and South
     2.Understands the social differences between the North and South
     3.Understands the cultural differences between the North and South
     4.Understands how the free labor system of the North differed from that of the South
   Benchmark 2.Understands the development of sectional polarization and secession prior to the Civil War (e.g., how events after the Compromise of 1850 and the Dred Scott decision impacted sectional differences, southern justification for secession, the presidential leadership of Buchanan and Lincoln during the secession crisis)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the development of sectional polarization prior to the Civil War
     2.Understands the development of secession prior to the Civil War
     3.Understands how events after the Compromise of 1850 impacted sectional differences
     4.Understands how the Dred Scott decision impacted sectional differences
     5.Understands southern justification for secession
     6.Understands the presidential leadership of Buchanan during the secession crisis
     7.Understands the presidential leadership of Lincoln during the secession crisis
   Benchmark 3.Understands issues other than slavery that led to the Civil War (e.g., the appeal of the Northern "free labor" ideology in preventing the further extension of slavery in the new territories; cultural differences, conflicting economic issues, opposing constitutional perspectives)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the appeal of the Northern "free labor" ideology in preventing the further extension of slavery in the new territories
     2.Understands cultural differences that led to the Civil War
     3.Understands conflicting economic issues that led to the Civil War
     4.Understands the opposing constitutional perspectives that led to the Civil War