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Topic: Cultural movements in American society, 1920s 

United States History

 Standard 22.  Understands how the United States changed between the post-World War I years and the eve of the Great Depression
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the rise of a mass culture in the 1920s (e.g., the media and recreation available in the 1920s; how increased leisure time promoted the growth of professional sports, amusement parks, and national parks; the impact of recreational areas on the local environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the media in the 1920s
     2.Understands the recreation available in the 1920s
     3.Understands how increased leisure time promoted the growth of professional sports in the 1920s
     4.Understands how increased leisure time promoted the growth of amusement parks in the 1920s
     5.Understands how increased leisure time promoted the growth of national parks in the 1920s
     6.Understands the impact of recreational areas on the local environment in the 1920s
   Benchmark 4.Understands influences on African American culture during the 1920s (e.g., the Harlem Renaissance)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about the Harlem Renaissance
   Benchmark 6.Understands how women's lives changed after World War I (e.g., their contributions in schools, hospitals, settlement houses, and social agencies; how the spread of electrification and household appliances improved the life of homemakers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands women’s contributions in schools after World War I
     2.Understands women’s contributions in hospitals after World War I
     3.Understands women’s contributions in settlement houses after World War I
     4.Understands women’s contributions in social agencies after World War I
     5.Understands how the spread of electrification improved the life of homemakers
     6.Understands how the spread of household appliances improved the life of homemakers
   Benchmark 7.Understands aspects of Prohibition (e.g., smuggling)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the aspect of smuggling in Prohibition
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the various social conflicts that took place in the early 1920s (e.g., state and federal government reactions to the growth of radical political movements, rising racial tensions and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan, the Garvey Movement, the clash between traditional moral values and changing ideas as exemplified in the Scopes trial and Prohibition, how the restriction of European immigration affected Mexican American immigration)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands state government reactions to the growth of radical political movements in the early 1920s
     2.Understands the federal government’s reactions to the growth of radical political movements in the early 1920s
     3.Understands state government reactions to rising racial tensions and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan in the early 1920s
     4.Understands the federal government’s reactions to rising racial tensions and the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan in the early 1920s
     5.Understands state government reactions to the Garvey Movement
     6.Understands the federal government’s reactions to the Garvey Movement
     7.Understands state government reactions to the clash between traditional moral values and changing ideas as exemplified in the Scopes trail
     8.Understands the federal government’s reactions to the clash between traditional moral values and changing ideas as exemplified in the Scopes trail
     9.Understands state government reactions to the clash between traditional moral values and changing ideas as exemplified in Prohibition
     10.Understands the federal government’s reactions to the clash between traditional moral values and changing ideas as exemplified in Prohibition
     11.Understands how the restriction of European immigration affected Mexican American immigration in the early 1920s
   Benchmark 3.Understands changes in the social and cultural life of American society in the 1920s (e.g., art and literature from the social realists to the "Lost Generation," how cultural trends were introduced into mainstream society, reasons for increased leisure time in the 1920s)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands changes in the social life of American society in the 1920s
     2.Understands changes in the cultural life of American society in the 1920s
     3.Understands art from the social realists to the "Lost Generation"
     4.Understands literature from the social realists to the "Lost Generation"
     5.Understands how cultural trends were introduced into mainstream society in the 1920s
     6.Understands reasons for increased leisure time in the 1920s
   Benchmark 5.Understands changing attitudes toward women in the post-World War I era (e.g., changing values and new ideas regarding employment opportunities, appearance standards, leisure activities, and political participation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands changing values regarding employment opportunities in the post-World War I era
     2.Understands new ideas regarding employment opportunities in the post-World War I era
     3.Understands changing values regarding appearance standards of women in the post-World War I era
     4.Understands new ideas regarding appearance standards of women in the post-World War I era
     5.Understands changing values regarding the leisure activities of women in the post-World War I era
     6.Understands new ideas regarding the leisure activities of women in the post-World War I era
     7.Understands changing values regarding the political participation of women in the post-World War I era
     8.Understands new ideas regarding the political participation of women in the post-World War I era
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the major social issues of 1920s America (e.g., the emergence of the "New Woman" and challenges to Victorian values, the purpose and goals of the "New Klan," the causes and outcome of Prohibition, the ethnic composition of immigrants and fears these changes represented, the "Red Scare," the Sacco and Vanzetti trial)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the emergence of the "New Woman" in 1920s America
     2.Understands challenges to Victorian values in 1920s America
     3.Understands the purpose and goals of the "New Klan" in 1920s America
     4.Understands the causes of Prohibition
     5.Understands the outcome of Prohibition
     6.Understands the ethnic composition of immigrants in 1920s America
     7.Understands the fears of 1920s society
     8.Understands the "Red Scare" in the 1920s
     9.Understands the Sacco trial
     10.Understands the Vanzetti trial
   Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of new cultural movements on American society in the 1920s (e.g., the extension of secondary education to new segments of American society, the emergence of artists in the postwar period, the origins and development of jazz, how the creation of national parks affected Native American culture)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of the extension of secondary education to new segments of American society
     2.Understands the impact of emerging artists in the postwar period
     3.Understands the origin of jazz
     4.Understands the development of jazz
     5.Understands how the creation of national parks affected Native American culture