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Topic: Causes of World War I 

United States History

 Standard 21.  Understands the changing role of the United States in world affairs through World War I
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands World War I prior to U.S. intervention (e.g., the causes in 1914, reasons for declaration of U.S. neutrality, locations of Allied and Central Powers, the extent of war in Europe and the use of new weapons and technology)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the causes of World War I in 1914
     2.Understands the reasons the U.S. declared neutrality
     3.Understands the locations of Allied powers
     4.Understands the locations of the Central powers
     5.Understands the extent of war in Europe
     6.Understands the use of new weapons
     7.Understands the use of new technology
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands different types of U.S. diplomacy in the early 20th century and how they were applied (e.g., Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policies, U.S. relations with Japan and the "Gentleman’s Agreement," American diplomatic initiatives in East Asia, differences between Taft’s dollar diplomacy and Roosevelt’s big stick diplomacy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands different types of U.S. diplomacy in the early 20th century
     2.Understands how different types of U.S. diplomacy in the early 20th century were applied
     3.Understands Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policies
     4.Understands U.S. relations with Japan in the early 20th century
     5.Knows about the "Gentleman’s Agreement"
     6.Understands the diplomatic initiatives in East Asia in the early 20th century
     7.Understands differences between Taft’s dollar diplomacy and Roosevelt’s big stick diplomacy
   Benchmark 2.Understands the development of World War I (e.g., the influence of industrial research in aviation and chemical warfare on military strategy and the war’s outcome, how technological developments contributed to the war’s brutality, the system of alliances through which European nations sought to protect their interests, how nationalism and militarism contributed to the outbreak, how the war expanded to become a world war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influence of industrial research in aviation on military strategy
     2.Understands the influence of chemical warfare on military strategy
     3.Understands the influence of chemical warfare on the war’s outcome
     4.Understands the influence of industrial research in aviation on the war’s outcome
     5.Understands how technological developments contributed to the war’s brutality
     6.Understands the system of alliances through which European nations sought to protect their interests
     7.Understands how nationalism contributed to the outbreak of World War I
     8.Understands how militarism contributed to the outbreak of World War I
     9.Understands how the war expanded to become a world war
   Benchmark 3.Understands the United States’ intervention in World War I (e.g., the impact of U.S. public opinion on the Wilson administration’s evolving foreign policy during the period 1914 to 1917, Wilson’s leadership during the period of neutrality and his reasons for U.S. intervention)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of U.S. public opinion on the Wilson administration’s evolving foreign policy during the period 1914 to 1917
     2.Understands Wilson’s leadership during the period of neutrality
     3.Understands Wilson’s reasons for U.S. intervention
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the causes, course, and impact of World War I prior to U.S. entry (e.g., motivations of leading world powers, the relative success of nations in mobilizing their resources and populations, the relative success of their propaganda campaigns to influence neutral nations, the successes of military strategies, the general spirit of disillusionment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the causes of World War I prior to U.S. entry
     2.Understands the course of World War I prior to U.S. entry
     3.Understands the impact of World War I prior to U.S. entry
     4.Understands the motivations of leading world powers in World War I
     5.Understands the relative success of nations in mobilizing their resources
     6.Understands the relative success of nations in mobilizing their populations
     7.Understands the relative success of propaganda campaigns to influence neutral nations
     8.Understands the successes of military strategies prior to U.S. entry

World History

 Standard 39.  Understands the causes and global consequences of World War I
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the origins and significant features of World War I (e.g., the precipitating causes of the war; the factors that led to military stalemate in some areas; which countries joined each of the two alliances - the Allied Powers and the Central Powers - and the advantages and disadvantages for the formation of alliances; major areas of combat in Europe and Southwest Asia)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the origins of World War I
     2.Understands the significant features of World War I
     3.Understands the precipitating causes of World War I
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands events that contributed to the outbreak of World War I (e.g., diverse long-range causes of World War I, such as political and economic rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, militarism, imperialism, and nationalism; how nationalism threatened the balance of power among the Great Powers in Europe, and why it was considered one of the causes of World War I)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the long-range causes of World War I
     2.Understands the political rivalries that caused World War I
     3.Understands the economic rivalries that caused World War I
     4.Understands the ethnic conflicts that caused World War I
     5.Understands the ideological conflicts that caused World War I
     6.Understands how militarism caused World War I
     7.Understands how imperialism caused World War I
     8.Understands why nationalism is considered one of the causes of World War I
     9.Understands how nationalism threatened the balance of power among the Great Powers in Europe
   Benchmark 2.Understands ways in which popular faith in science, technology, and material progress affected attitudes toward the possibility of war among European states
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways that popular faith in science affected attitudes toward the possibility of war among European states
     2.Understands ways that popular faith in technology affected attitudes toward the possibility of war among European states
     3.Understands ways that popular faith in material progress affected attitudes toward the possibility of war among European states
   Benchmark 5.Understands how different countries were aligned during World War I (e.g., the systems of alliances through which Europe organized itself into World War I, the role militarism played in these alliances, and the reasons for the war's expansion beyond European boundaries to become a world war; immediate causes for the entry of different nations into World War I)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the systems of alliances through which Europe organized itself into World War I
     2.Understands the role militarism played in the alliances
     3.Understands the reasons for the war’s expansion beyond European boundaries to become a world war
     4.Understands the immediate causes for the entry of different nations into World War I
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands arguments and theories regarding the causes of World War I (e.g., the role of social and class conflict leading to World War I; how primary and secondary sources illustrate the arguments presented by leaders on the eve of the Great War; why and how political leaders in European nations felt aggressive foreign policy, and the advocation of war, would help subdue domestic discontent and disorder; the arguments for and against war used by diverse political groups and figures in European countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands arguments regarding the causes of World War I
     2.Understands theories regarding the causes of World War I
     3.Understands the role of social conflict leading to World War I
     4.Understands the role of class conflict leading to World War I
     5.Understands how primary sources illustrate the arguments presented by leaders on the eve of the Great War
     6.Understands how secondary sources illustrate the arguments presented by leaders on the eve of the Great War
     7.Understands how and why political leaders in European nations felt aggressive foreign policy would help subdue domestic discontent and disorder
     8.Understands how and why political leaders in European nations felt the advocation of war would help subdue domestic discontent and disorder
     9.Understands the arguments for war used by diverse political groups and figures in European countries
     10.Understands the arguments against war used by diverse political groups and figures in European countries
   Benchmark 2.Understands the extent to which different sources supported the war effort (e.g., how nationalism and propaganda helped mobilize civilian populations to support "total war;" ways in which colonial peoples contributed to the war effort of the Allies and the Central Powers by providing military forces and supplies, and what this effort might have meant to colonial subjects; the effectiveness of propaganda to gain support from neutral nations; how and why original support and enthusiasm to support the war deteriorated)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how nationalism helped mobilize civilian populations to support "total war"
     2.Understands how propaganda helped mobilize civilian populations to support "total war"
   Benchmark 6.Understands the Schlieffen Plan and whether it contributed to a military stalemate
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Schlieffen Plan
     2.Understands whether the Schlieffen Plan contributed to a military stalemate