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Topic: Motion of the Earth and Moon 

Science

 Standard 1.  Understands atmospheric processes and the water cycle
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Knows how the tilt of the Earth’s axis and the Earth’s revolution around the Sun affect seasons and weather patterns (i.e., heat falls more intensely on one part or another of the Earth’s surface during its revolution around the Sun)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the tilt of the Earth’s axis affects the seasons
     2.Knows how the tilt of the Earth’s axis affects weather patterns
     3.Knows how the Earth’s revolution around the Sun affects the seasons
     4.Knows how the Earth’s revolution around the Sun affects weather patterns
     5.Knows that heat falls more intensely on a specific part of the Earth’s surface during its revolution around the Sun
 Standard 3.  Understands the composition and structure of the universe and the Earth's place in it
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows basic patterns of the Sun and Moon (e.g., the Sun appears every day and the Moon appears sometimes at night and sometimes during the day; the Sun and Moon appear to move from east to west across the sky; the Moon appears to change shape over the course of a month; the Sun’s position in the sky changes through the seasons)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the basic patterns of the Sun
     2.Knows the basic patterns of the Moon
     3.Knows that the Sun appears every day
     4.Knows that the Moon appears sometimes at night
     5.Knows that the Moon appears sometimes during the day
     6.Knows that the Sun appears to move from east to west
     7.Knows that the Moon appears to move from east to west
     8.Knows that the Moon appears to change shape over a month’s time
     9.Knows that the Sun’s position in the sky changes throughout the seasons
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that night and day are caused by the Earth’s rotation on its axis
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that night is caused by the Earth’s rotation on its axis
     2.Knows that day is caused by the Earth’s rotation on its axis
   Benchmark 2.Knows that the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the Sun and that the Moon orbits the Earth
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the Sun
     2.Knows that the Moon orbits around the Earth
   Benchmark 3.Knows that the patterns of stars in the sky stay the same, although they appear to slowly move from east to west across the sky nightly and different stars can be seen in different seasons
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the patterns of the stars stay the same
     2.Knows that stars appear to move from east to west across the sky nightly
     3.Knows that different stars can be seen in different seasons
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Knows how the regular and predictable motions of the Earth and Moon explain phenomena on Earth (e.g., the day, the year, phases of the Moon, eclipses, tides, shadows)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the regular motions of Earth explain phenomena on Earth
     2.Knows how the regular motions of the Moon explain phenomena on the Earth
     3.Knows how the predictable motions of the Earth explain phenomena on the Earth
     4.Knows how the predictable motions of the Moon explain phenomena on the Earth
     5.Knows how the motions of the Earth explain the days
     6.Knows how the motions the Earth explain the years
     7.Knows how the motions of the Earth and Moon explain the phases of the moon
     8.Knows how the motions of the Earth and Moon explain eclipses
     9.Knows how the motions of the Earth and Moon explain tides
     10.Knows how the motions of the Earth explain shadows