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Topic: Personal health 

Health

 Standard 2.  Knows environmental and external factors that affect individual and community health
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how the physical environment can impact personal health (e.g., the effects of exposure to pollutants)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how exposure to pollutants can affect personal health
     2.Knows that the physical environment can impact personal health
   Benchmark 3.Knows how personal health can be influenced by society (e.g., culture) and science (e.g., technology)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how personal health can be influenced by society
     2.Knows how personal health can be influenced by science
     3.Knows how personal health can be influenced by technology
     4.Knows how personal health can be influenced by culture
 Standard 3.  Understands the relationship of family health to individual health
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how the family influences personal health (e.g., physical, psychological, social)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the family influences one’s personal health
     2.Knows how the family influences one’s physical health
     3.Knows how the family influences one’s psychological health
     4.Knows how the family influences one’s social health
 Standard 7.  Knows how to maintain and promote personal health
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Performs personal hygiene skills independently (e.g., uses toilet, brushes teeth, washes hands, blows nose)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses toilet independently
     2.Brushes teeth after eating
     3.Washes hands after toileting
     4.Washes hands before eating
     5.Blows nose when needed
   Benchmark 2.Dresses self appropriately (e.g., puts on coat and hat, laces shoes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows appropriate clothes to wear in certain situations
     2.Knows appropriate clothes to wear on a hot day
     3.Knows appropriate clothes to wear on a cold day
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows basic personal hygiene habits required to maintain health (e.g., caring for teeth, gums, eyes, ears, nose, skin, hair, nails)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that caring for teeth is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
     2.Knows that caring for gums is habit required for the maintenance personal health
     3.Knows that caring for eyes is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
     4.Knows that caring for ears is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
     5.Knows that caring for nose is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
     6.Knows that caring for skin is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
     7.Knows that caring for hair is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
     8.Knows that caring for nails is a habit required for the maintenance personal health
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the influence of rest, food choices, exercise, sleep, and recreation on a person's well-being
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influence of rest on a person’s well-being
     2.Understands the influence of food choices on a person’s well-being
     3.Understands the influence of exercise on a person’s well-being
     4.Understands the influence of sleep on a person’s well-being
     5.Understands the influence of recreation on a person’s well-being
   Benchmark 2.Knows common health problems that should be detected and treated early
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows common health problems that should be detected early
     2.Knows common health problems that should be treated early
   Benchmark 3.Knows behaviors that are safe, risky, or harmful to self and others
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows behaviors that are safe for oneself
     2.Knows behaviors that are risky for oneself
     3.Knows behaviors that are harmful to oneself
     4.Knows behaviors that are safe to others
     5.Knows behaviors that are risky to others
     6.Knows behaviors that are harmful to others
   Benchmark 4.Sets a personal health goal and makes progress toward its achievement
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Sets a personal health goal
     2.Makes progress toward the achievement of a personal health goal
     3.Understands the concept of a personal health goal
     4.Knows strategies to progress towards the achievement of a personal health goal
   Benchmark 5.Knows that making health-related decisions and setting health goals sometimes requires asking for assistance
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that making health-related decisions sometimes requires asking for assistance
     2.Knows that setting health goals sometimes requires asking for assistance
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows personal health strengths and risks (e.g., results of a personal health assessment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows personal health strengths
     2.Knows personal health risks
     3.Understands the importance of a personal health assessment in assessing personal health strengths
     4.Understands the importance of a personal health assessment in assessing personal health risks
   Benchmark 2.Knows how positive health practices and appropriate health care can help to reduce health risks (e.g., good personal hygiene, health screenings, self-examinations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how positive health practices can help to reduce health risks
     2.Knows how appropriate health care can help to reduce health risks
     3.Knows that personal hygiene can help to reduce health risks
     4.Knows that health screenings can help to reduce health risks
     5.Knows that self-examinations can help to reduce health risks
   Benchmark 3.Knows strategies and skills that are used to attain personal health goals (e.g., maintaining an exercise program, making healthy food choices)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows strategies that are used to attain personal health goals
     2.Knows skills that are used to attain personal health goals
     3.Knows that maintaining an exercise program can be useful in attaining personal health goals
     4.Knows that making healthy food choices can be useful in attaining personal health goals
   Benchmark 4.Understands how changing information, abilities, priorities, and responsibilities influence personal health goal
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how changing information influences personal health goals
     2.Understands how changing abilities influence personal health goals
     3.Understands how changing priorities influence personal health goals
     4.Understands how changing responsibilities influence personal health goals
   Benchmark 5.Knows how health is influenced by the interaction of body systems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows there is a relationship between health and body systems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how personal behaviors relate to health and well-being and how these behaviors can be modified if necessary to promote achievement of health goals throughout life (e.g., following a personal nutrition plan to reduce the risk of disease, periodically self-assessing physical fitness)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how personal behaviors relate to health and well-being
     2.Knows how personal behaviors can be modified if necessary to promote achievement of health goals throughout life
     3.Knows that following a personal nutrition plan can reduce the risk of disease
     4.Knows that periodically self-assessing physical fitness can help promote the achievement of health goals
   Benchmark 2.Understands the short- and long-term consequences of safe, risky, and harmful behaviors
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the short-term consequences of safe behaviors
     2.Understands the short-term consequences of risky behaviors
     3.Understands the short-term consequences of harmful behaviors
     4.Understands the long-term consequences of safe behaviors
     5.Understands the long-term consequences of risky behaviors
     6.Understands the long-term consequences of harmful behaviors
   Benchmark 3.Understands how personal health needs change during the life cycle
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that personal health needs change over time
   Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of personal health behaviors on the functioning of body systems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that health behaviors impact the body systems
     2.Knows health behaviors that have an affect on the functioning of body systems
 Standard 8.  Knows essential concepts about the prevention and control of disease
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows ways in which a person can prevent or reduce the risk of disease and disability (e.g., practicing good personal hygiene, making healthy food choices, acknowledging the importance of immunizations, cooperating in regular health screenings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways in which a person can prevent disease
     2.Knows ways in which a person can prevent disability
     3.Knows ways in which a person can reduce the risk of disease
     4.Knows ways in which a person can reduce the risk of disability
     5.Knows that practicing good personal hygiene can prevent disease
     6.Knows that practicing good personal hygiene can reduce the risk of disease
     7.Knows that making healthy food choices can prevent disease
     8.Knows that making healthy food choices can reduce the risk of disease
     9.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can prevent disease
     10.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can reduce the risk of disease
     11.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can prevent disease
     12.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can reduce the risk of disease
     13.Knows that making healthy food choices can prevent disability
     14.Knows that making healthy food choices can reduce the risk of disability
     15.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can prevent disability
     16.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can reduce the risk of disability
     17.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can prevent disability
     18.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can reduce the risk of disability
   Benchmark 3.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of disease or disability (e.g., cooperating with parents and health-care providers, taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly, correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of a disease
     2.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     3.Understands that cooperating with parents contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     4.Understands that cooperating with health-care providers contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     5.Understands that taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     6.Understands that correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     7.Understands that cooperating with parents contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     8.Understands that cooperating with health-care providers contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     9.Understands that taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
     10.Understands that correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how lifestyle, pathogens, family history, and other risk factors are related to the cause or prevention of disease and other health problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how lifestyle is related to the cause of disease and other health problems
     2.Understands how pathogens are related to the cause of disease and other health problems
     3.Understands how family history is related to the cause of disease and other health problems
     4.Understands how lifestyle is related to the prevention of disease and other health problems
   Benchmark 3.Understands personal rights and responsibilities involved in the treatment of disease (e.g., proper use of medication; the influence of family and culture on the treatment of disease)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the personal rights involved in the treatment of disease
     2.Understands the personal responsibilities involved in the treatment of disease
     3.Understands the proper use of medication as it relates to personal rights
     4.Understands the proper use of medication as it relates to personal responsibility
     5.Understands the influence of family on the treatment of disease
     6.Understands the influence of culture on the treatment of disease
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the importance of regular examinations (including self-examination of the breasts or testicles) in detecting and treating diseases early
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of regular examinations in detecting diseases early
     2.Understands the importance of regular examinations to the early treatment of disease
     3.Understands the importance of the self-examination of the breasts in detecting disease early
     4.Understands the importance of the self-examination of the breasts to the early treatment of disease
     5.Understands the importance of self-examination of the testicles in detecting disease early

Engineering Education

 Standard 20.  Knows how to reduce risks and hazards in the workplace
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 9.Understands the importance of implementing a substance abuse policy in the workplace
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands workplace substance abuse policies

Family/Consumer Sciences

 Standard 3.  Understand important concepts and skills related to careers in family services
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the principles of nutrition, health, stress management, safety, and first aid for individuals and family members
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the principles of nutrition for individuals
     2.Understands the principles of health for individuals
     3.Understands the principles of stress management for individuals
     4.Understands the principles of safety for individuals
     5.Understands the principles of first aid for individuals