Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Energy in the Earth system  

Science

 Standard 1.  Understands atmospheric processes and the water cycle
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 2.Knows that the Sun provides the light and heat necessary to maintain the temperature of the Earth
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Sun provides the light necessary to maintain the Earth’s temperature
     2.Knows that the Sun provides the heat necessary to maintain the Earth’s temperature
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Knows that the Sun is the principle energy source for phenomena on the Earth’s surface (e.g., winds, ocean currents, the water cycle, plant growth)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Sun is the principle energy source for plant growth
     2.Knows that the Sun is the principle energy source for winds
     3.Knows that the Sun is the principle energy source for ocean currents
     4.Knows that the Sun is the principle energy source for the water cycle
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands heat and energy transfer in and out of the atmosphere and its involvement in weather and climate (e.g., radiation, conduction, convection/advection)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that weather involves the transfer of energy in and out of the atmosphere
     2.Understands that climate involves the transfer of energy in and out of the atmosphere
     3.Understands that weather involves the transfer of heat in and out of the atmosphere
     4.Understands that climate involves the transfer of heat in and out of the atmosphere
     5.Understands radiation’s involvement in weather
     6.Understands radiation’s involvement in climate
     7.Understands conduction’s involvement in weather
     8.Understands conduction’s involvement in climate
     9.Understands convection’s involvement in weather
     10.Understands convection’s involvement in climate
     11.Understands advection’s involvement in weather
     12.Understands advection’s involvement in climate
   Benchmark 3.Knows the major external and internal sources of energy on Earth (e.g., the Sun is the major external source of energy; the decay of radioactive isotopes and gravitational energy from the Earth’s original formation are primary sources of internal energy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the external sources of energy on Earth
     2.Knows the internal sources of energy on Earth
     3.Knows that the Sun is the major external source of energy
     4.Knows that the decay of radioactive isotopes from Earth’s original formation is a major internal source of energy
     5.Knows that gravitational energy from Earth’s original formation is a major internal source of energy
 Standard 9.  Understands the sources and properties of energy
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that the Sun supplies heat and light to Earth
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Sun supplies heat to the Earth
     2.Knows that the Sun supplies light to the Earth
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Knows how the Sun acts as a major source of energy for changes on the Earth’s surface (i.e., the Sun loses energy by emitting light; some of this light is transferred to the Earth in a range of wavelengths including visible light, infrared radiation, and ultraviolet radiation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that sunlight is transferred to the Earth in ultraviolet radiation
     2.Knows that the Sun loses energy by emitting light
     3.Knows that sunlight is transferred to the Earth in a range of wavelengths
     4.Knows that sunlight is transferred to the Earth in visible light
     5.Knows that sunlight is transferred to the Earth in infrared radiation
   Benchmark 11.Understands the origins and environmental impacts of renewable and nonrenewable resources, including energy sources like fossil fuels (e.g., coal, oil, natural gas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the origins of renewable energy resources
     2.Understands the origins of nonrenewable energy resources
     3.Understands the origins of fossil fuels
     4.Understands the origins of coal
     5.Understands the origins of oil
     6.Understands the origins of natural gas
     7.Understands that coal is a form of nonrenewable energy
     8.Understands that oil is a form of nonrenewable energy
     9.Understands that natural gas is a form of nonrenewable energy
     10.Understands that coal is a fossil fuel
     11.Understands that oil is a fossil fuel
     12.Understands that natural gas is a fossil fuel
     13.Understands the environmental impacts of renewable energy resources
     14.Understands the environmental impacts of nonrenewable energy resources
     15.Understands the environmental impacts of fossil fuels
     16.Understands the environmental impacts of coal
     17.Understands the environmental impacts of oil
     18.Understands the environmental impacts of natural gas