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Topic: Earth’s surface features 

Science

 Standard 2.  Understands Earth's composition and structure
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by a combination of slow and rapid processes (e.g., slow processes, such as weathering, erosion, transport, and deposition of sediment caused by waves, wind, water, and ice; rapid processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by slow processes
     2.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by rapid processes
     3.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by weathering
     4.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by erosion
     5.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by transport of sediment
     6.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by deposition of sediment
     7.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by wind
     8.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by water
     9.Knows that features on the Earth’s surface are constantly changed by ice
     10.Knows that landslides cause sudden changes in Earth’s features
     11.Knows that volcanic eruptions cause sudden changes in the Earth’s features
     12.Knows that earthquakes cause sudden changes in the Earth’s features
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Knows how land forms are created through a combination of constructive and destructive forces (e.g., constructive forces such as crustal deformation, volcanic eruptions, and deposition of sediment; destructive forces such as weathering and erosion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a combination of destructive and constructive forces create land forms
     2.Knows that crustal deformation is a constructive force
     3.Knows that volcanic eruptions are constructive forces
     4.Knows that deposition of sediment is a constructive force
     5.Knows that weathering is a destructive force
     6.Knows that erosion is a destructive force
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows effects of the movement of crustal plates (e.g., earthquakes occur along the boundaries between colliding plates; sea floor spreading occurs where plates are moving apart; mountain building occurs where plates are moving together; volcanic eruptions release pressure created by molten rock beneath the Earth’s surface)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that volcanic eruptions release pressure created by molten rock beneath the Earth’s surface
     2.Knows that earthquakes occur along the boundaries of colliding plates
     3.Knows that sea floor spreading occurs where the plates move apart
     4.Knows that mountain building occurs where plates move together