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Topic: Characteristics of organisms  

Science

 Standard 4.  Understands the principles of heredity and related concepts
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that plants and animals closely resemble their parents
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that plants closely resemble their parents
     2.Knows that animals closely resemble their parents
   Benchmark 2.Knows that differences exist among individuals of the same kind of plant or animal
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that differences exist among individuals of the same kind of plant
     2.Knows that differences exist among individuals of the same kind of animal
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that many characteristics of plants and animals are inherited from its parents (e.g., eye color in human beings, fruit or flower color in plants), and other characteristics result from an individual’s interactions with the environment (e.g., people’s table manners, ability to ride a bicycle)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some characteristics of plants and animals are inherited from their parents
     2.Knows that eye color in humans is inherited from parents
     3.Knows that fruit or flower color in plants is inherited from parents
     4.Knows that some characteristics come from an individual’s interactions with the environment
     5.Knows that a person’s table manners is a characteristic that is acquired from interactions with the environment
     6.Knows that the ability to ride a bicycle is a characteristic that is acquired from interactions with the environment
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Knows that hereditary information is contained in genes (located in the chromosomes of each cell), each of which carries a single unit of information; an inherited trait of an individual can be determined by either one or many genes, and a single gene can influence more than one trait
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that hereditary information is contained in genes
     2.Knows that genes are located on the chromosomes of each cell
     3.Knows that each gene carries a single unit of information
     4.Knows that inherited traits can be determined by one or many genes
     5.Knows that a single gene can influence more than one trait
   Benchmark 5.Knows that the characteristics of an organism can be described in terms of a combination of traits; some traits are inherited through the coding of genetic material and others result from environmental factors
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that characteristics of an organism can be described in a combination of traits
     2.Knows that some traits are inherited through the coding of genetic material
     3.Knows that some traits result from environmental factors
 Standard 5.  Understands the structure and function of cells and organisms
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that living things and nonliving objects are different
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the basic characteristics of a living thing
     2.Knows the basic characteristics of a nonliving object
 Standard 7.  Understands biological evolution and the diversity of life
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows simple ways that living things can be grouped (e.g., appearance, behavior, plant, animal)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that living things can be grouped by their appearance
     2.Knows that living things can be grouped by their behavior
     3.Knows that some living things can be grouped as plants
     4.Knows that some living things can be grouped as animals
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that heritable characteristics, which can be biochemical and anatomical, largely determine what capabilities an organism will have, how it will behave, and how likely it is to survive and reproduce
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that heritable characteristics determine an organism’s capabilities
     2.Knows that heritable characteristics determine an organism’s behavior
     3.Knows that heritable characteristics determine an organism’s likelihood to survive and reproduce
     4.Knows that heritable characteristics can be biochemical
     5.Knows that heritable characteristics can be anatomical