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Topic: Sets 


 Standard 3.  Uses basic and advanced procedures while performing the processes of computation
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Understands basic estimation strategies (e.g., using reference sets, using front-end digits) and terms (e.g., "about," "near," "closer to," "between," "a little less than")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the term "about"
     2.Understands the term "near"
     3.Understands the term "closer to"
     4.Understands the term "between"
     5.Understands the term "a little less than"
     6.Understands the concept of reference sets in estimation
     7.Understands the concept of front-end estimation
     8.Understands the concept of estimation as a strategy
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Understands counting procedures and reasoning (e.g., use of the counting principles to find the number of ways of arranging objects in a set, the use of permutations and combinations to solve counting problems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of combinations
     2.Determines combinations
     3.Understands the concept of permutations
     4.Determines permutations
     5.Understands the concept of counting principles
     6.Uses counting principles to find ways of arranging items