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Topic: Factors/multiples/primes 

Mathematics

 Standard 2.  Understands and applies basic and advanced properties of the concepts of numbers
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Understands basic number theory concepts (e.g., prime and composite numbers, factors, multiples, odd and even numbers, divisibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that numbers are odd or even
     2.Knows what makes a number prime
     3.Knows what makes a composite number
     4.Understands the basic concept of a factor
     5.Understands the concept of divisibility
     6.Understands the concept of multiples
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Uses number theory concepts (e.g., divisibility and remainders, factors, multiples, prime, relatively prime) to solve problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Determines whether a problem can be solved by using the concept of divisibility
     2.Determines whether a problem can be solved by using the concept of multiples
     3.Determines whether a problem can be solved by using the concept of factors
     4.Determines whether a problem can be solved by using the concept of prime numbers
     5.Understands the concept of relatively prime
     6.Determines whether a problem can be solved by using the concept of relatively prime