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Topic: Health services  

Health Education

 Standard 2.  Understands the history and trends of health care, both past and present
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Knows various health care providers (e.g., HMO, PPO, managed care) in terms of the services provided, strengths, weaknesses, costs, availability, co-payment, and disbursement system
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the services provided by HMOs
     2.Knows the strengths of HMOs
     3.Knows the weaknesses HMOs
     4.Knows the costs HMOs
     5.Knows the availability of HMOs
     6.Understands the co-payment system under an HMO
     7.Understands the disbursement system under an HMO
     8.Knows the services provide by PPOs
     9.Knows the strengths of PPOs
     10.Knows the weaknesses of PPOs
     11.Knows the costs of PPOs
     12.Knows the availability of PPOs
     13.Understands the co-payment system under PPOs
     14.Understands the disbursement system under PPOs
     15.Knows the services provided by managed care providers
     16.Knows the strengths of managed care providers
     17.Knows the weaknesses of managed care providers
     18.Knows the costs of managed care providers
     19.Knows the availability of managed care providers
     20.Understands the co-payment system under managed care providers
     21.Understands the disbursement system under managed care providers
 Standard 5.  Understands the components of the health care delivery system
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the service areas in health care (e.g., therapeutic, diagnostic, informational, environmental)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that health care includes therapeutic services
     2.Knows that health care includes diagnostic services
     3.Knows that health care includes informational services
     4.Knows that health care includes environmental services
 Standard 6.  Understands the role of continuous improvement and efficiency in the health care industry
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the roles and responsibilities of individual members in a health care team and how they influence the delivery of quality health care
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the roles of individual members in a health care team
     2.Understands the responsibilities of individual members in a health care team
     3.Understands how individual members in a health care team influence the delivery of quality health care
   Benchmark 5.Knows types of staff development that contribute to the improvement of health care services (e.g., on-the-job training for entry-level staff; on-going training, including workshops, conferences, course work, and professional associations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that on-the-job training for entry-level staff contributes to the improvement of health care services
     2.Knows that on-going training, such as workshops, contributes to the improvement of health care services
     3.Knows that on-going training, such as conferences, contributes to the improvement of health care services
     4.Knows that on-going training, such as course work, contributes to the improvement of health care services

Family/Consumer Sciences

 Standard 2.  Understand the impact of the family on the well-being of individuals and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows types of family problems (e.g., co-dependency, relationships) and possible responses to these problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows possible responses to family problems
   Benchmark 4.Understands the reciprocal impact of individual and family participation in the community (e.g., knows the community resources and systems of formal and informal support available to families; understands the importance of family participation in community and civic responsibilities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that there is a reciprocal impact of individual participation in the community
     2.Knows the community resources available to families
     3.Knows the community systems of formal support available to families
     4.Knows the community systems of informal support available to families
 Standard 3.  Understand important concepts and skills related to careers in family services
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows factors related to providing family and community services (e.g., government agencies and informal support resources providing human services; licensing laws and regulations; rights and responsibilities of human service participants)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows government agencies providing human services
     2.Knows informal support resources providing human services
     3.Knows family and community licensing laws and regulations
     4.Understands the rights and responsibilities of human service participants
 Standard 10.  Understands how knowledge and skills related to child development affect the well-being of individuals, families, and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 13.Knows external support systems that provide services for parents (e.g., community resources that provide opportunities related to parenting, current laws and policies related to parenting)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that support systems exist to provide services to parents
     2.Knows community resources that provide opportunities related to parenting
     3.Knows current laws and policies related to parenting

Health

 Standard 1.  Knows the availability and effective use of health services, products, and information
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows community health service providers and their roles (e.g., paramedics, dentists, nurses, physicians, sanitarians, dietitians)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows health-service providers in the community
     2.Knows the roles of health-service providers in the community
     3.Knows that paramedics provide health services in the community
     4.Knows that dentists provide health services in the community
     5.Knows that nurses provide health services in the community
     6.Knows that physicians provide health services in the community
     7.Knows that sanitarians provide health services in the community
     8.Knows that dietitians provide health services in the community
     9.Knows the role of a paramedic
     10.Knows the role of a dentist
     11.Knows the role of a nurse
     12.Knows the role of a physician
     13.Knows the role of a sanitarian
     14.Knows the role of a dietitian
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows general characteristics of valid health information and health-promoting products and services (e.g., provided by qualified health-care workers; supported by research)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows the general characteristics of health-promoting services
     8.Knows that health-promoting services are provided by qualified health-care workers
     9.Knows that health-promoting services are supported by research
   Benchmark 2.Knows various community agencies that provide health services to individuals and families (e.g., HMOs, public health clinics, mental health clinics, substance abuse treatment centers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows various community agencies that provide health services to individuals
     2.Knows various community agencies that provide health services to families
     3.Knows that HMOs provide health services to individuals
     4.Knows that HMOs provide health services to families
     5.Knows that public health clinics provide services to individuals
     6.Knows that public health clinics provide services to families
     7.Knows that mental health clinics provide services to individuals
     8.Knows that mental health clinics provide services to families
     9.Knows that substance abuse treatment centers provide services to individuals
     10.Knows that substance abuse treatment centers provide services to families
   Benchmark 3.Knows a variety of consumer influences and how those influences affect decisions regarding health resources, products, and services (e.g., media, information from school and family, peer pressure)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows a variety of consumer influences that affect decisions regarding health services
     6.Knows how consumer influences affect decisions regarding health services
     13.Knows how the media affects decisions regarding health services
     16.Knows how information from school affects decisions regarding health services
     19.Knows how information from one’s family affects decisions regarding health services
     22.Knows how peer pressure affects decisions regarding health services
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the costs and validity of common health products, services, and information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows the cost of common health services
     5.Knows the validity of common health services
   Benchmark 2.Knows how to locate and use community health resources, products, and services that provide valid health information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows how to locate community services that provide valid health information
     6.Knows how to use community services that provide valid health information
   Benchmark 4.Knows community health consumer organizations and the advocacy services they provide (e.g., American Heart Association, American Lung Association, Diabetes Association)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows the services provided by consumer health organizations in the community
     6.Knows the services provide by the American Heart Association
     7.Knows the services provide by the American Lung Association
     8.Knows the services provide by the Diabetes Association
   Benchmark 5.Knows situations that require professional health services (e.g., management of health conditions such as asthma, diabetes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the management of some health conditions requires professional health services
     2.Knows that the management of asthma requires professional health services
     3.Knows that the management of diabetes requires professional health services
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows factors that influence personal selection of health-care resources, products, and services (e.g., cost, benefits)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows factors that influence personal selection of health-care services
     6.Knows the cost of health-care services influences personal selection
     9.Knows the benefits of health-care services influence personal selection
   Benchmark 2.Knows how to determine whether various resources from home, school, and the community present valid health information, products, and services
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows how to determine whether various resources from home present valid health services
     6.Knows how to determine whether various resources from school present valid health services
     9.Knows how to determine whether various resources from the community present valid health services
   Benchmark 4.Understands the cost and accessibility of a variety of health-care services (e.g., health insurance coverage)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the cost of a variety of health-care services
     2.Understands the accessibility of a variety of health-care services
     3.Understands the cost of health insurance coverage
     4.Understands the accessibility of health insurance coverage
   Benchmark 5.Knows situations that require professional health services in the areas of prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation (e.g., persistent depression, prenatal and perinatal care, treatment or management of disease, alcohol- or drug-related problems, neglect and child abuse)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows prevention situations that require professional health services
     2.Knows treatment situations that require professional health services
     3.Knows rehabilitation situations that require professional health services
     4.Knows that persistent depression requires professional health services
     5.Knows that prenatal care requires professional health services
     6.Knows that perinatal care requires professional health services
     7.Knows that the treatment and management of disease requires professional health services
     8.Knows that the treatment and management of alcohol-related problems requires professional health services
     9.Knows that the treatment and management of dug-related problems requires professional health services
     10.Knows that neglect and child abuse requires professional health services
 Standard 7.  Knows how to maintain and promote personal health
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Knows that making health-related decisions and setting health goals sometimes requires asking for assistance
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that making health-related decisions sometimes requires asking for assistance
     2.Knows that setting health goals sometimes requires asking for assistance
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Knows how positive health practices and appropriate health care can help to reduce health risks (e.g., good personal hygiene, health screenings, self-examinations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows how appropriate health care can help to reduce health risks
     4.Knows that health screenings can help to reduce health risks
 Standard 8.  Knows essential concepts about the prevention and control of disease
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows ways in which a person can prevent or reduce the risk of disease and disability (e.g., practicing good personal hygiene, making healthy food choices, acknowledging the importance of immunizations, cooperating in regular health screenings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     9.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can prevent disease
     10.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can reduce the risk of disease
     11.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can prevent disease
     12.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can reduce the risk of disease
     15.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can prevent disability
     16.Knows that acknowledging the importance of immunizations can reduce the risk of disability
     17.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can prevent disability
     18.Knows that cooperating in regular health screenings can reduce the risk of disability
   Benchmark 3.Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of disease or disability (e.g., cooperating with parents and health-care providers, taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly, correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Understands that cooperating with health-care providers contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of disease
     8.Understands that cooperating with health-care providers contributes to a functional level of health in the presence of a disability
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the importance of regular examinations (including self-examination of the breasts or testicles) in detecting and treating diseases early
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of regular examinations in detecting diseases early
     2.Understands the importance of regular examinations to the early treatment of disease
 Standard 9.  Understands aspects of substance use and abuse
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Recognizes high-risk substance abuse situations that pose an immediate threat to oneself or one's friends or family (e.g., drunk and drugged driving, violent arguments) as well as how and where to obtain help
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Knows how to obtain help for a high-risk substance abuse situation
     4.Knows where to obtain help for a high-risk substance abuse situation