Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Allies in World War II  

United States History

 Standard 25.  Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands significant military aspects of World War II (e.g., major turning points of the war; Axis and Allied military campaigns in the European and Pacific theaters; the financial, material, and human costs of the war and their economic consequences for the Allies and the Axis powers; the locations of the major theaters of war in North Africa, Europe, and the Pacific; the diverse contributions of men and women during the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major turning points of World War II
     2.Understands the Axis military campaigns in the European theater
     3.Understands the Axis military campaigns in the Pacific theater
     4.Understands the Allies military campaigns in the European theater
     5.Understands the Allies military campaigns in the Pacific theater
     6.Understands the financial costs of the war for the Allies and Axis powers
     7.Understands the material costs of the war for the Allies and Axis powers
     8.Understands the human costs of World War II for the Allies and Axis powers
     9.Understands the economic consequences of World War II for the Allies
     10.Understands the economic consequences of World War II for the Axis powers
     11.Knows the locations of the major theaters of war in North Africa
     12.Knows the locations of the major theaters of war in Europe
     13.Knows the locations of the major theaters of war in the Pacific
     14.Understands the diverse contributions of men during the war
     15.Understands the diverse contributions of women during the war
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands military strategies used during World War II (e.g., the non-aggression pact between Germany and the USSR in 1939; the "Battle for Britain"; Japanese strategy in East Asia and the Pacific; Roosevelt's strategy for an aggressive war against the Axis powers and a defensive war in Asia; the North Africa, Sicily, and Normandy invasions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the non-aggression pact between Germany and the USSR in 1939
     2.Knows about the "Battle for Britain"
     3.Understands the Japanese strategy in East Asia
     4.Understands the Japanese strategy in the Pacific
     5.Understands Roosevelt’s strategy for an aggressive war against the Axis powers
     6.Understands Roosevelt’s strategy for a defensive war in Asia
     7.Knows about the North Africa invasion
     8.Knows about the Sicily invasion
     9.Knows about the Normandy invasion
   Benchmark 5.Understands the dimensions of Hitler’s "final solution" and the Allies’ response to the Holocaust and war crimes (e.g., human costs of Nazi genocide, Roosevelt’s immigration policy toward Jewish refugees from Hitler’s Germany)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the dimensions of Hitler’s "final solution"
     2.Understands the Allies’ response to the Holocaust
     3.Understands the Allies’ response to war crimes
     4.Understands the human costs of Nazi genocide
     5.Understands Roosevelt’s immigration policy toward Jewish refugees from Hitler’s Germany
   Benchmark 6.Understands the legacy of World War II (e.g., the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan during World War II, how military experiences fostered American identity and cross-cultural interaction, the purpose and organization of the United Nations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan during World War II
     2.Understands how military experiences fostered American identity
     3.Understands how military experiences fostered cross-cultural interaction
     4.Understands the purpose of the United Nations
     5.Understands the organization of the United Nations
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands President Roosevelt’s ideas and policies during World War II (e.g., Roosevelt’s administration’s wartime diplomacy among the Allied powers, the ideas presented in his Four Freedoms speech)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands President Roosevelt’s ideas during World War II
     2.Understands President Roosevelt’s policies during World War II
     3.Understands Roosevelt’s administration’s wartime diplomacy among the Allied powers
     4.Understands President Roosevelt’s ideas presented in his Four Freedoms speech
   Benchmark 5.Understands characteristics of the end of World War II (e.g., why there was a delay in creating a second front in Europe, the Soviet Union's role in helping to defeat the Axis Powers and the reasons for the success of D-Day)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why there was a delay in creating a second front in Europe
     2.Understands the Soviet Union’s role in helping to defeat the Axis Powers
     3.Understands the reasons for the success of D-Day