Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: African, European, and Native American Societies circa 1492 

United States History

 Standard 1.  Understands the characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the geographic characteristics of Western and Central Africa and understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade (e.g., in political kingdoms such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin; in urban centers such as Timbuktu and Jenne)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the geographic characteristics of Western Africa circa 1492
     2.Knows the geographic characteristics of Central Africa circa 1492
     3.Understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns in Western and Central Africa circa 1492
     4.Understands the impact of geography on trade patterns in Western and Central Africa circa 1492
     5.Understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade in political kingdoms in Western and Central Africa, such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin, circa 1492
     6.Understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade in urban centers in Western and Central Africa, such as Timbuktu and Jenne, circa 1492
   Benchmark 5.Compares political, social, economic, and religious systems of Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans who converged in the western hemisphere after 1492 (e.g., concepts of political authority, civic values, and the organization and practice of government; population levels, urbanization, family structure, and modes of communication; systems of labor, trade, concepts of property, and exploitation of natural resources; dominant ideas and values including religious beliefs and practices, gender roles, and attitudes toward nature)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands political systems of African, European, and Native American societies circa 1492
     2.Understands that political systems might include concepts of political authority, civic values, and the organization and practice of government
     3.Understands social systems of African, European, and Native American societies circa 1492
     4.Understands that social systems might be shaped by population levels, urbanization, family structure, and modes of communication
     5.Understands economic systems in African, European, and Native American societies circa 1492
     6.Understands that economic systems might include systems of labor, trade, concepts of property, and attitudes about exploitation of natural resources
     7.Understands religious systems of African, European, and Native American societies circa 1492
     8.Understands that religious systems might include dominant religious beliefs and values, religious practices, assignment of gender roles, and attitudes toward nature
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the influence of Islam in Western Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries (e.g. interactions between Islam and local religious beliefs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands interactions between Islam and local religious beliefs in West Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the characteristics of Western African societies, such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin, in the 15th and 16th centuries (e.g., the economic importance of the trans-Saharan slave trade; the response of African states to early European coastal trading and raiding; general features of family organization, labor division, agriculture, manufacturing, trade)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the characteristics of the Western African society of Mali in the 15th and 16th centuries
     2.Understands the characteristics of the Western African society of Benin in the 15th and 16th centuries
     3.Understands the characteristics of the Western African society of Songhai in the 15th and 16th centuries
     4.Understands the economic importance of the trans-Saharan slave trade in West Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries
     5.Understands the response of African states to early European coastal trading and raiding in the 15th and 16th centuries
     6.Understands features of family organization in Western African societies in the 15th and 16th centuries
     7.Understands features of labor division in Western African societies in the 15th and 16th centuries
     8.Understands agricultural practices in Western African societies in the 15th and 16th centuries
     9.Understands features of manufacturing in Western African societies in the 15th and 16th centuries
     10.Understands features of trade in Western African societies in the 15th and 16th centuries
   Benchmark 6.Understands different European perceptions of Native American societies during the years of exploration (e.g., John White’s vs. Theodore deBry’s)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how John White’s perceptions of Native American societies reflect European perceptions of Native American societies during the years of exploration
     2.Understands how Theodore deBry’s perceptions of Native American societies reflect European perceptions of Native American societies during the years of exploration