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Topic: Values and principles of American democracy 

Civics

 Standard 8.  Understands the central ideas of American constitutional government and how this form of government has shaped the character of American society
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the fundamental values of American democracy (e.g., individual rights to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness; the public or common good; justice; equality of opportunity; diversity; truth; patriotism)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the right to life as a value of American democracy
     2.Understands the right to liberty as a value of American democracy
     3.Understands the right to the pursuit of happiness as a value of American democracy
     4.Understands the right to own property as a value of American democracy
     5.Understands the public or common good as a value of American democracy
     6.Understands justice as a value of American democracy
     7.Understands equality of opportunity as a value of American democracy
     8.Understands diversity as a value of American democracy
     9.Understands truth as a value of American democracy
     10.Understands patriotism as a value of American democracy
   Benchmark 2.Knows the fundamental principles of American democracy (e.g., the people are sovereign; the power of government is limited by law; people exercise their authority directly through voting; people exercise their authority indirectly through elected representatives)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the people are sovereign in the American democracy
     2.Knows that the power of government is limited by law in the American democracy
     3.Knows that people exercise their authority directly through voting in the American democracy
     4.Knows that people exercise their authority indirectly through elected representatives in the American democracy
   Benchmark 3.Knows how fundamental values and principles of American democracy are expressed in documents such as the Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights, as well as in American songs, stories, and speeches
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the fundamental values of American democracy are expressed in a variety of documents
     2.Knows how the fundamental principles of American democracy are expressed in a variety of documents
     3.Knows how the fundamental values and principles of American democracy are expressed in the Declaration of Independence
     4.Knows how the fundamental values and principles of American democracy are expressed in the Preamble to the United States Constitution
     5.Knows how the fundamental values and principles of American democracy are expressed in the Bill of Rights
     6.Knows how the fundamental values and principles of American democracy are expressed in American songs, stories, and speeches
 Standard 9.  Understands the importance of Americans sharing and supporting certain values, beliefs, and principles of American constitutional democracy
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Identifies fundamental values and principles that are expressed in basic documents (e.g., Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution), significant political speeches and writings (e.g., The Federalist, King's "I Have a Dream" speech), and individual and group actions that embody fundamental values and principles (e.g., suffrage and civil rights movements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in basic documents
     2.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in significant political speeches and writings
     3.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in individual and group actions
     4.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in the Declaration of Independence
     5.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in the United States Constitution
     6.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in "The Federalist"
     7.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are expressed in King’s "I Have a Dream" speech
     8.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are embodied by the suffrage movement
     9.Knows the fundamental values and principles that are embodied by the civil rights movement
   Benchmark 2.Understands how certain values (e.g., individual rights, the common good, self government, justice, equality, diversity, openness and free inquiry, truth, patriotism) are fundamental to American public life
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how individual rights are fundamental to American public life
     2.Understands how the common good is fundamental to American public life
     3.Understands how self government is fundamental to American public life
     4.Understands how justice is fundamental to American public life
     5.Understands how equality is fundamental to American public life
     6.Understands how openness and free inquiry are fundamental to American public life
     7.Understands how diversity is fundamental to American public life
     8.Understands how truth is fundamental to American public life
     9.Understands how patriotism is fundamental to American public life
   Benchmark 3.Understands popular sovereignty as opposed to state sovereignty (e.g., ultimate political authority rests with the people who create and can alter or abolish governments; citizens are not the same as subjects), and knows that popular sovereignty is a fundamental principle of American constitutional democracy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the difference between popular and state sovereignty
     2.Knows that in popular sovereignty, the ultimate political authority rests with the people
     3.Knows that in popular sovereignty, the people create and can alter or abolish governments
     4.Knows that in popular sovereignty, citizens are not the same as subjects
     5.Understands that popular sovereignty is a fundamental principle of American constitutional democracy
   Benchmark 4.Knows that constitutional government is a fundamental principle of American democracy (e.g., the rule of law, representative institutions, shared powers, checks and balances, individual rights, separation of church and state, federalism, civilian control of the military)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the rule of law is a fundamental principle of American democracy
     2.Knows that representative institutions are a fundamental principle of American democracy
     3.Knows that shared powers are a fundamental principle of American democracy
     4.Knows that checks and balances are a fundamental principle of American democracy
     5.Knows that individual rights are a fundamental principle of American democracy
     6.Knows that separation of church and state is a fundamental principle of American democracy
     7.Knows that federalism is a fundamental principle of American democracy
     8.Knows that civilian control of the military is a fundamental principle of American democracy
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the institutions of government reflect fundamental values and principles (e.g., justice, equality, the common good, popular sovereignty, checks and balances)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the institutions of government reflect justice
     2.Understands how the institutions of government reflect equality
     3.Understands how the institutions of government reflect the common good
     4.Understands how the institutions of government reflect popular sovereignty
     5.Understands how the institutions of government reflect checks and balances
   Benchmark 2.Understands the interdependence among certain values and principles (e.g., individual liberty and diversity)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the interdependence between individual liberty and diversity
   Benchmark 3.Understands the significance of fundamental values and principles for the individual and society
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significance of fundamental values and principles for the individual
     2.Understands the significance of fundamental values and principles for society
 Standard 28.  Understands how participation in civic and political life can help citizens attain individual and public goals
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands what distinguishes participation in government and political life from nonpolitical participation in civil society and private life (e.g., participating in a campaign to change laws regulating nursing homes as opposed to volunteering to work in a nursing home), and understands the importance of both forms of participation to American constitutional democracy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what distinguishes participation in government from nonpolitical participation in civil society
     2.Understands what distinguishes political life from private life
     3.Understands the importance of participation in government and political life to American constitutional democracy
     4.Understands the importance of participation in civil society and private life to American constitutional democracy
 Standard 29.  Understands the importance of political leadership, public service, and a knowledgeable citizenry in American constitutional democracy
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows what political leaders do and why leadership is necessary in a democracy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows general responsibilities of political leaders

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 4.  Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how individuals have worked to achieve the liberties and equality promised in the principles of American democracy and to improve the lives of people from many groups (e.g., Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr.;Soujourner Truth; Cesar Chavez)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that liberty and equality are among the main principles of American democracy
     2.Knows that Rosa Park’s refusal to give up her bus seat to a white person led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
     3.Knows that Martin Luther King, Jr. was a leader of the civil rights movement
     4.Knows that Cesar Chavez helped migrant farm workers gain better pay and better working conditions
   Benchmark 3.Understands ways in which such fundamental values as fairness, protection of individual rights, and responsibility for the common good have been applied by different groups of people (e.g., students and personnel in the local school)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that fairness is a fundamental American value
     2.Understands that protection of individual rights is a fundamental American value
     3.Understands that responsibility for the common good is a fundamental American value
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 11.Understands how songs, symbols, and slogans demonstrate freedom of expression and the role of protest in a democracy (e.g., the Boston Tea Party, the abolition of slavery, women's suffrage, labor movements, the civil rights movement)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that freedom of expression is a basic principle of American democracy
     2.Knows that songs are a means of expression
     3.Knows that symbols are a means of expression
     4.Knows that slogans are a means of expression
     5.Understands the role of protest in American democracy