Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Role of historic figures in American democracy 

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 4.  Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 5.Understands how important figures reacted to their times and why they were significant to the history of our democracy (e.g., George Washington; Thomas Jefferson; Abraham Lincoln; Soujourner Truth; Susan B. Anthony; Mary McLeod Bethune; Eleanor Roosevelt; Martin Luther King, Jr.)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that George Washington is a significant figure in American history because he was the first president of the United States
     2.Knows that Thomas Jefferson is a significant figure in American history because he was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence
     3.Knows that Abraham Lincoln is a significant figure in American history because he was the president of the United States during the Civil War and declared the end of slavery in the Emancipation Proclamation
     4.Knows that Sojourner Truth is a significant figure in American history because she fought for the abolition of slavery and for women’s rights
     5.Knows that Susan B. Anthony is a significant figure in American history because she advocated the right of women to vote
     6.Knows that Mary McLeod Bethune is a significant figure in American history because she was an early African American educator and civil rights leader
     7.Knows that Eleanor Roosevelt is a significant figure in American democracy because she advocated many social causes, such as women’s rights and civil rights for African Americans
     8.Knows that Martin Luther King, Jr. is a significant figure in American history because he was a leader of the civil rights movement
   Benchmark 6.Understands the ways in which people in a variety of fields have advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good (e.g., Frederick Douglass, Clara Barton, Elizabeth Blackwell, Jackie Robinson, Rosa Parks, Jonas Salk, Cesar Chavez)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Frederick Douglass advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by advocating the abolition of slavery
     2.Knows that Clara Barton advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by founding the American Red Cross
     3.Knows that Elizabeth Blackwell advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by becoming the first female doctor in the United States
     4.Knows that Jackie Robinson advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by becoming the first African American to play baseball in the major leagues
     5.Knows that Rosa Parks advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white person, an act that led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
     6.Knows that Jonas Salk advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by discovering a vaccine for polio
     7.Knows that Cesar Chavez advanced the cause of human rights, equality, and the common good by helping migrant farm workers gain better pay and working conditions
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 6.Understands historical figures who believed in the fundamental democratic values (e.g., justice, truth, equality, the rights of the individual, responsibility for the common good, voting rights) and the significance of these people both in their historical context and today
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that justice is a fundamental democratic value
     2.Knows that truth is a fundamental democratic value
     3.Knows that equality is a fundamental democratic value
     4.Knows that protection for individual rights is a fundamental democratic value
     5.Knows that responsibility for the common good is a fundamental democratic value
     6.Knows that the right to vote is a fundamental democratic value
     7.Understands the significance of historical figures who upheld fundamental democratic values in their historical context
     8.Understands the significance of historical figures who upheld fundamental democratic values today
   Benchmark 7.Understands how historical figures in the U.S. and in other parts of the world have advanced the rights of individuals and promoted the common good, and the character traits that made them successful (e.g., persistence, problem solving, moral responsibility, respect for others)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that historical figures in the United States have advanced the rights of individuals
     2.Knows that historical figures in the United States have promoted the common good
     3.Knows that historical figures around the world have advanced the rights of individuals
     4.Knows that historical figures around the world have promoted the common good
     5.Knows that historical figures often possess certain character traits that make them successful in their mission
     6.Knows that persistence is a character trait possessed by many historical figures
     7.Knows that problem solving ability is a skill possessed by many historical figures
     8.Knows that a sense of moral responsibility is a character trait possessed by many historical figures
     9.Knows that many historical figures have shown respect for others