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Topic: Migration of different groups into and within the United States 

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 5.  Understands the causes and nature of movements of large groups of people into and within the United States, now and long ago
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Understands what life was like for children and families "on the trail" when they moved from one part of the U.S. to another
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what life was like for children "on the trail" when their families moved from one part of the United States to another
     2.Understands what life was like for the parents of families "on the trail" who moved from one part of the United States to another
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the various movements (westward, northward, and eastward) of large groups of people in the history of the U.S.
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that large groups of people have moved westward at various times in the history of the United States
     2.Knows that large groups of people have moved northward at various times in the history of the United States
     3.Knows that large groups of people have moved eastward at various times in the history of the United States
   Benchmark 2.Knows about the forced relocation of Native Americans and how their lives, rights, and territories were affected by European colonization and expansion of the U.S. (e.g., Spanish colonization of the Southwest, Tecumseh’s resistance to Indian removal, the Cherokee Trail of Tears, Black Hawk’s War, the movement of the Nez Perce)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that many Native Americans were forcibly relocated by the federal government
     2.Knows that the lives, rights, and territories of Native Americans were affected by European colonization
     3.Knows that the lives, rights, and territories of Native Americans were affected by the expansion of the United States
     4.Knows that the Spanish colonization of the Southwest affected the lives, rights, and territories of Native Americans
     5.Knows that Tecumseh was a Native American chief who attempted to organize Native American resistance to Indian removal
     6.Knows that Black Hawk’s War was fought by Native Americans to resist forced removal by the federal government
     7.Knows that the Nez Perce were forcibly relocated by the federal government
   Benchmark 3.Understands the experience of immigrant groups (e.g., where they came from, why they left, travel experiences, ports of entry and immigration screening, the opportunities and obstacles they encountered when they arrived; changes that occurred when they moved to the United States)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the origins of various groups who immigrated to the United States
     2.Knows why various immigrant groups left their countries of origin
     3.Understands the travel experiences of immigrant groups
     4.Knows the ports of entry for immigrant groups
     5.Understands the process of immigration screening
     6.Understands the opportunities immigrant groups encountered when they arrived in the United States
     7.Understands the obstacles immigrant groups encountered when they arrived in the United States
   Benchmark 4.Knows the reasons why various groups (e.g., freed African Americans, Mexican and Puerto Rican migrant workers, Dust Bowl farm families) migrated to different parts of the U.S.
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows why freed African Americans migrated to certain parts of the United States
     2.Knows why Mexican migrant workers migrated to certain parts of the United States
     3.Knows why Puerto Rican migrant workers migrated to certain parts of the United States
     4.Knows why Dust Bowl farm families migrated to certain parts of the United States
   Benchmark 5.Understands the experiences of those who moved from farm to city during the periods when cities grew
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that many people moved from away from farms to cities during the period when cities grew