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Topic: Formation of United States government 

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 4.  Understands how democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the English colonists who became revolutionary leaders and fought for independence from England (e.g., George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the American Revolution was fought to achieve America’s independence from England
     2.Knows that the leaders of the American Revolution were English colonists
     3.Knows that George Washington was the general who won the American Revolution
     4.Knows that Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence
     5.Knows that Benjamin Franklin was one of the authors of the Declaration of Independence
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the basic ideas set forth in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, and the figures responsible for these documents
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the basic ideas set forth in the Declaration of Independence
     2.Understands the basic ideas set forth in the U.S. Constitution
     3.Knows the authors of the Declaration of Independence
     4.Knows the authors of the U.S. Constitution
   Benchmark 2.Understands the basic principles of American democracy; right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; responsibility for the common good; equality of opportunity and equal protection of the law; freedom of speech and religion; majority rule with protection for minority rights; and limitations on government, with power held by the people and delegated by them to those officials whom they elected to office
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness is a basic principle of American democracy
     2.Knows that responsibility for the common good is a basic principle of American democracy
     3.Knows that equal opportunity for all is a basic principle of American democracy
     4.Knows that equal protection of the law is a basic principle of American democracy
     5.Knows that freedom of speech is a basic principle of American democracy
     6.Knows that freedom of religion is a basic principle of American democracy
     7.Knows that majority rule with protection for minority rights is a basic principle of American democracy
     8.Knows that limited government is a basic principle of American democracy
     9.Knows that the American people delegate their political power to elected officials
   Benchmark 3.Understands how people over the last 200 years have continued to struggle to bring to all groups in American society the liberties and equality promised in the basic principles of American democracy (e.g., Sojourner Truth; Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; W.E.B. DuBois; Booker T. Washington; Susan B. Anthony; Martin Luther King, Jr.; Rosa Parks; Cesar Chavez)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that Sojourner Truth fought for the abolition of slavery and for women’s rights
     2.Knows that Harriet Tubman helped slaves escape to freedom through the underground railroad
     3.Knows that Frederick Douglass was the leading 19th century African American spokesman for the abolition of slavery
     4.Knows that W.E.B. Dubois was an African American leader who advocated higher education for African Americans
     5.Knows that Booker T. Washington was a former slave who founded an educational institution for African Americans
     6.Knows that Susan B. Anthony advocated the right of women to vote
     7.Knows that Martin Luther King, Jr. was a leader of the civil rights movement
     8.Knows that Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up her bus seat to a white person led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
     9.Knows that Cesar Chavez organized the United Farm Workers to help migrant farm workers obtain better pay and working conditions
   Benchmark 12.Understands why Americans and those who led them (e.g., George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson) went to war to win independence from England
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the American Revolution was fought to win America’s independence from England
     2.Knows that George Washington was the general who led American forces to victory in the American Revolution
     3.Knows that Benjamin Franklin was one of the authors of the Declaration of Independence
     4.Knows that Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence