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Topic: Diversity of cultures 

Grades K-4 History

 Standard 7.  Understands selected attributes and historical developments of societies in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the main ideas found in folktales, stories of great heroism, fables, legends, and myths from around the world that reflect the beliefs and ways of living of various cultures in times past
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that folktales reflect the beliefs of various cultures in the past
     2.Understands that folktales reflect the ways of living of various cultures in the past
     3.Understands that stories of great heroism reflect the beliefs of various cultures in the past
     4.Understands that stories of great heroism reflect ways of living of various cultures in the past
     5.Understands that fables reflect the beliefs of various cultures in the past
     6.Understands that fables reflect ways of living of various cultures in the past
     7.Understands that legends reflect the beliefs of various cultures in the past
     8.Understands that legends reflect ways of living of various cultures in the past
     9.Understands that myths reflect the beliefs of various cultures in the past
     10.Understands the myths reflect ways of living of various cultures in the past
   Benchmark 2.Knows the holidays and ceremonies of different societies (e.g., Christmas celebrations in Scandinavia, Germany, or England; Cinco de Mayo; the Chinese New Year; the Japanese tea ceremony; harvest and spring festivals)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how Christmas is celebrated in Scandinavia
     2.Knows how Christmas is celebrated in Germany
     3.Knows how Christmas is celebrated in England
     4.Knows that Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of Mexican independence from Spain
     5.Knows that the Chinese New Year is celebrated
     6.Knows that the tea ceremony is a significant custom in Japan
     7.Knows that different societies hold festivals to celebrate the harvest
     8.Knows that different societies hold festivals to celebrate the arrival of spring
   Benchmark 3.Understands the daily life, history, and beliefs of a country as reflected in dance, music, or the other art forms (such as paintings, sculptures, and masks)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that dance can reflect the daily life of a country
     2.Understands that dance can reflect the history of a country
     3.Understands that dance can reflect the beliefs of a country
     4.Understands that music can reflect the daily life of a country
     5.Understands that music can reflect the history of a country
     6.Understands that music can reflect the beliefs of a country
     7.Understands that art forms such as paintings, sculptures, and masks can reflect the daily life of a country
     8.Understands that art forms such as paintings, sculptures, and masks can reflect the history of a country
     9.Understands that art forms such as paintings, sculptures, and masks can reflect the beliefs of a country
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   Benchmark 2.Knows the effects geography has had on the different aspects of societies (e.g., the development of urban centers, food, clothing, industry, agriculture, shelter, trade)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the effects that geography has had on the development of urban centers in different societies
     2.Knows the effects that geography has had on the types of food eaten in different societies
     3.Knows the effects that geography has had on the kind of clothing worn in different societies
     4.Knows the effects that geography has had on industry in different societies
     5.Knows the effects that geography has had on agriculture in different societies
     6.Knows the effects that geography has had on the types of shelter used in different societies
     7.Knows the effects that geography has had on trade in different societies
   Benchmark 3.Understands various aspects of family life, structures, and roles in different cultures and in many eras (e.g., medieval families, matrilineal families in Africa, extended families in China)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands family life in medieval families
     2.Understands the structure of medieval families
     3.Understands the roles of family members in medieval families
     4.Understands family life in matrilineal families in Africa
     5.Understands the structure of matrilineal families in Africa
     6.Understands the roles of family members in matrilineal families in Africa
     7.Understands family life in extended families in China
     8.Understands the structure of extended families in China
     9.Understands the roles of family members in extended families in China
   Benchmark 4.Knows about life in urban areas and communities of various cultures of the world at various times in their history (e.g., Rome, Tenochtitl┬án, Timbuktu, a medieval European city)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about life in Rome at various times in its history
     2.Knows about life in Tenochtitlan at various times in its history
     3.Knows about life in Timbuktu at various times in its history
     4.Knows about life in a medieval European city at various times in its history
   Benchmark 5.Knows significant historical achievements of various cultures of the world (e.g., the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Taj Mahal in India, pyramids in Egypt, temples in ancient Greece, bridges and aqueducts in ancient Rome)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon was a significant historical achievement
     2.Knows that the construction of the Taj Mahal in India was a significant historical accomplishment
     3.Knows that the construction of the pyramids in Egypt was a significant historical accomplishment
     4.Knows that the construction of temples in ancient Greece was a significant historical accomplishment

Family/Consumer Sciences

 Standard 3.  Understand important concepts and skills related to careers in family services
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the principles of interacting with culturally diverse families and communities (e.g., using sensitivity and appropriate interaction skills)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the principles of interacting with culturally diverse families
     2.Understands the principles of interacting with culturally diverse communities
     3.Understands the principle of sensitivity when interacting with culturally diverse families
     4.Understands the principle of appropriate interaction skills when interacting with culturally diverse families
     5.Understands the principle of sensitivity when interacting with culturally diverse communities
     6.Understands the principle of appropriate interaction skills when interacting with culturally diverse communities